Regents of the University of California v. Bakke


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Regents of the University of California v. Bakke,

case decided in 1978 by the U.S. Supreme Court. The Court held in a closely divided decision that race could be one of the factors considered in choosing a diverse student body in university admissions decisions. The Court also held, however, that the use of quotas in such affirmative actionaffirmative action,
in the United States, programs to overcome the effects of past societal discrimination by allocating jobs and resources to members of specific groups, such as minorities and women.
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 programs was not permissible; thus the Univ. of California, Davis, medical school had, by maintaining a 16% minority quota, discriminated against Allan Bakke, 1940–, a white applicant. The legal implications of the decision were clouded by the Court's division. Bakke had twice been rejected by the medical school, even though he had a higher grade point average than a number of minority candidates who were admitted. As a result of the decision, Bakke was admitted to the medical school and graduated in 1982.
References in periodicals archive ?
The admissions process did not use quotas and therefore complied with one of the few clear mandates announced in the Bakke decision (Regents of the University of California v. Bakke, 1978).
Supreme Court's 1978 decision in Regents of the University of California v. Bakke, a decision that prohibited quotas but permitted university admissions officers to find other ways to make race a "plus" factor in evaluating candidates.
The Clinton Administration has followed just such a "third way" approach to Regents of the University of California v. Bakke. [21] As a rhetorical matter, the Administration has embraced Justice Powell's controlling opinion in this case, characterizing certain language in the opinion as a "holding" that approved racial preferences in college admissions purportedly designed to further "diversity." On the other hand, the Administration has actually adopted or encouraged a variety of racial preferences that were plainly inconsistent with the very language in Justice Powell's opinion that it embraced.