Form of Government

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Form of Government


the way state authority is organized. A form of government is defined by its method of formation, the legal status of its higher bodies of authority, and the status of the head of state.

The main forms of government in exploitative states are the monarchy (seeMONARCHY) and the republic (see). Of these two, the republic is the most common form in contemporary bourgeois states, whether the government be parliamentary (as in Austria, Italy, Finland, the Federal Republic of Germany, and Switzerland) or presidential (as in Argentina, Brazil, Mexico, and the USA). A constitutional (parliamentary) monarchy exists in certain bourgeois states, such as Belgium, Great Britain, Denmark, the Netherlands, Norway, and Sweden. Countries that have been liberated from colonial dependency have almost all introduced a republican form of government.

All the socialist states have a republican form of government embodying the power of the working people.

References in periodicals archive ?
We also expect the number of parties in the government coalition to be influenced by the regime type (decrease in presidential regimes) and the existence of either one or two decision chambers (since governments are proven to be less stable In bicameral systems).
[24] In this view, regime type influences the overall voting behavior of countries.
The argument that the political institutions of the preceding regime condition historical transitions is of course not novel; it runs through the historiographic literature, notably on revolutions.(13) But the recent transitions literature has not grappled with regime types, in part because the universe of relevant country cases has displayed a relatively uniform set of dominant political institutions.(14) It has tended to assume the presence of the corporatist institutions that predominated in the bureaucratic authoritarian regimes of Southern Europe and Latin America.(15) In Africa, however, political institutions have on the whole evolved within neopatrimonial rather than corporatist regimes, forcing us to assess the impact of regime type.
The six factors that jointly attribute to the probability of a genocide/politicide occurring are political upheaval, prior genocide, ideological orientation of the ruling elite, regime type, ethnic character of the ruling elite, and trade openness (Harff 2003).
Pandya (2007) explored relation between FDI inflows and regime type by distinguishing between vertical and horizontal FDI.
Turning to the question of regime type, they find that democracies and hybrid regimes outperform autocracies in using economic growth to improve average caloric consumption, which is interpreted as helping the poor.
Nevertheless, by adopting a differentiated approach, we emphasize that a country's democratic stock as well as its contemporaneous regime type are both important in determining the regime effects of democracy on growth.
In this study, we attempt to address these weaknesses by proposing a new perspective to understand the effects of corruption on economic performance by simultaneously examining the relationships of corruption and regime type on economic growth.
Welfare programs, regime type and labor strength are historically varied and diverse in this region, making it ripe for empirical evaluation (Huber and Stephens 2012; Kaufman and Segura-Ubiergo 2001; Rudra 2002).
I think that democracy is a regime type, and a lot of people use the term, but the issue isn't really democracy, it's governance.
Data on political regime type are derived from the Polity TV Project produced by the Center for Systemic Peace (2014), and, alternatively, the Freedom in the World Country Ratings produced by the Freedom House (2015).
Kliman revisits historic power shifts to shed light on enduring patterns in international relations, demonstrating that the regime type of ascendant powers greatly influences global interactions.

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