Reichsbanner

Reichsbanner

 

a militarized organization that existed in Germany from 1924 to 1933 and was founded to defend the Weimar Republic from monarchical reaction and fascist terror.

While the Social Democratic Party was its guiding force, the Reichsbanner also had among its members adherents of the left bourgeois parties. The right-wing Social Democrats who directed the Reichsbanner were opposed to forming a united front with the Communist Party and with the workers’ self-defense detachments that the Communist Party had created. However, the members of the Reichsbanner (3.5 million in 1932) and the members of the detachments frequently joined forces to repulse fascist gangs. Soon after coming to power, the fascists disbanded the organization.

References in periodicals archive ?
As a result, the party's propagandists were constantly engaged in the double exercise of asserting a certain idea of socialism and legitimating the Republic, which explains their insistence on regularly mentioning the red banner on the one hand, and the Reichsbanner on the other.
42) Regardless of whether Rote Fahne saw its main enemy in the ranks of the social democrats, the Reichsbanner or the Stahlhelm, it constantly abhorred the 'terror' in the factories, (43) the 'atmosphere of persecution against communists', (44) the 'fascist methods' (45) utilised in 'bloody encounters with the proletariat', (46) 'rubber truncheons', 'long knives' (47) and 'symbols of murder'.
68) At the local level 'a sort of "Red Flying Squad" took root, whose main activity was unplanned brawls with individual Nazis and Reichsbanner people'.
Even in Weimar Germany's most prosperous and 'peaceful' period of 1924-30 around thirty Nazis and ninety Communists were killed in political violence; along with twenty-six Stahlhelm nationalists; and eighteen Reichsbanner socialists.
Reichsbanner Leader: You are the SPD equivalent to the Red Fighter's League leader of the KPD and the SA leader of the Nazis.
You've held your men out of the Reichsbanner but haven't committed them yet to any other group.
A former leader of the Social Democratic Reichsbanner (the Socialist paramilitary organization) estimated that about 600 former Reichsbanner men continued to meet together in small groups of 3-4.
Schumann focuses on political violence in the Prussian province of Saxony, which saw widespread fighting during the Communist "March Actions" of 1921 and in which the two leading Weimar paramilitary organizations were founded: the right-wing Stahlhelm and the Social Democratic Reichsbanner.
44) Six months later, at the moment of Hitler's appointment, he supported the majority once again when it decided to stick to the letter of the constitution rather than calling for a general strike or mobilizing its own paramilitary Reichsbanner units for action.
Defeat and revolution; the red flags flying from the mastheads of the High Seas Fleet at Kiel, Soldiers and Workers' Soviets in Munich, Spartacists and Freikorps fighting it out on the Wilhelmstrasse, Red Fronts and Reichsbanners and brownshirts, inflation and slump; war reparations and the war guilt clause; the draconian terms of the Versailles Treaty, the Kapp Putsch and the Beer Hall Putsch.