As a result, the party's propagandists were constantly engaged in the double exercise of asserting a certain idea of socialism and legitimating the Republic, which explains their insistence on regularly mentioning the red banner on the one hand, and the Reichsbanner
on the other.
42) Regardless of whether Rote Fahne saw its main enemy in the ranks of the social democrats, the Reichsbanner or the Stahlhelm, it constantly abhorred the 'terror' in the factories, (43) the 'atmosphere of persecution against communists', (44) the 'fascist methods' (45) utilised in 'bloody encounters with the proletariat', (46) 'rubber truncheons', 'long knives' (47) and 'symbols of murder'.
68) At the local level 'a sort of "Red Flying Squad" took root, whose main activity was unplanned brawls with individual Nazis and Reichsbanner people'.
Even in Weimar Germany's most prosperous and 'peaceful' period of 1924-30 around thirty Nazis and ninety Communists were killed in political violence; along with twenty-six Stahlhelm nationalists; and eighteen Reichsbanner
Reichsbanner Leader: You are the SPD equivalent to the Red Fighter's League leader of the KPD and the SA leader of the Nazis.
You've held your men out of the Reichsbanner but haven't committed them yet to any other group.
A former leader of the Social Democratic Reichsbanner
(the Socialist paramilitary organization) estimated that about 600 former Reichsbanner
men continued to meet together in small groups of 3-4.
Schumann focuses on political violence in the Prussian province of Saxony, which saw widespread fighting during the Communist "March Actions" of 1921 and in which the two leading Weimar paramilitary organizations were founded: the right-wing Stahlhelm and the Social Democratic Reichsbanner
44) Six months later, at the moment of Hitler's appointment, he supported the majority once again when it decided to stick to the letter of the constitution rather than calling for a general strike or mobilizing its own paramilitary Reichsbanner
units for action.
Defeat and revolution; the red flags flying from the mastheads of the High Seas Fleet at Kiel, Soldiers and Workers' Soviets in Munich, Spartacists and Freikorps fighting it out on the Wilhelmstrasse, Red Fronts and Reichsbanners
and brownshirts, inflation and slump; war reparations and the war guilt clause; the draconian terms of the Versailles Treaty, the Kapp Putsch and the Beer Hall Putsch.