relative deprivation


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relative deprivation

the feelings felt and the judgements reached when an individual or members of a group compare themselves – and especially their social situation -adversely with some other individual within their group or with another group, e.g. the less well-off members of an occupational group with the more well-off. The notion is that it is not absolute standards which are important in making such judgements but the relative standards, or frame of reference, in terms of which people make judgements.

As indicated by Stouffer et al. (1949), relative deprivation, somewhat paradoxically is more often felt when people compare their lot adversely with actual or imaginary others in situations with some similarity but not identical to their own, rather than those who occupy markedly different positions. Feelings of relative deprivation may be strongest in relation to others seen to be in a potentially competitive situation. As suggested by MERTON (1949), the bench mark group or groups with which comparisons are made constitute the REFERENCE GROUP(s) of the individuals or groups experiencing feelings and making judgements of relative deprivation. Thus, Runciman, in Relative Deprivation and Social Justice (1966), was able to demonstrate that political opinions and the meanings attached to class membership – (see SUBJECTIVE AND OBJECTIVE CLASS) were a function of reference groups and the associated feelings, possibly of relative deprivation. The pronounced attitudinal changes that can be brought about by change in the relative positions of social groups have been shown to be a potent source of political upheaval and revolutionary change (see Urry, 1973).

References in periodicals archive ?
Jung Duk-hyun, a culture critic, questions why reality shows take a lead in incurring a sense of relative deprivation to viewers.
Their topics include an adverse social welfare consequence of a rich-to-poor income transfer: a relative deprivation approach, the necessary requirement of median independence for relative bipolarization measurement, chronic poverty and poverty dynamics: resolving a paradox in the normative basis for intertemporal poverty measures, immigration and poverty: the case of Italy, and whether inequality fosters or hinders the growth of entrepreneurship in the long-run.
Alternatively, there is evidence to suggest that the link between deprivation and population health is better accounted for by relative deprivation and social comparisons than it is by objective deprivation (e.
The theory of relative deprivation is an important tool for social and personal psychology perspectives.
Therefore, the authors examined relative deprivation in equal opportunities and its effect on career-nrelated self-efficacy among 603 Korean female college students.
However, there is empirical support for a direct link between perceived relative deprivation and collective action in general (e.
Hence two important and related theories: relative deprivation theory and frustration-aggression theory of terrorism are adequate enough to explain the phenomenon of Boko Haram insurgency in Nigeria.
Hypotheses about how income inequality might affect health fall into three broad classes: those that focus on the implications of diminishing marginal health benefits from increases in individual income, those that focus on relative deprivation, and those that focus on societywide effects of income inequality.
He explains how media fascination with superstars and luxury consumption goods amplify positional concerns for all, distort the aspirations of the middle class and cause relative deprivation.
It was this realization that led India to establish in 2004 a Prime Ministerial High Level Committee, popularly known as the Sachar Committee, to investigate if Indian Muslims faced a greater level of relative deprivation in different spheres and what corrective steps could be taken to ameliorate inequities.
This paper deals with the phenomenon of relative deprivation with reference to Seraiki Movement.

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