relative deprivation

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relative deprivation

the feelings felt and the judgements reached when an individual or members of a group compare themselves – and especially their social situation -adversely with some other individual within their group or with another group, e.g. the less well-off members of an occupational group with the more well-off. The notion is that it is not absolute standards which are important in making such judgements but the relative standards, or frame of reference, in terms of which people make judgements.

As indicated by Stouffer et al. (1949), relative deprivation, somewhat paradoxically is more often felt when people compare their lot adversely with actual or imaginary others in situations with some similarity but not identical to their own, rather than those who occupy markedly different positions. Feelings of relative deprivation may be strongest in relation to others seen to be in a potentially competitive situation. As suggested by MERTON (1949), the bench mark group or groups with which comparisons are made constitute the REFERENCE GROUP(s) of the individuals or groups experiencing feelings and making judgements of relative deprivation. Thus, Runciman, in Relative Deprivation and Social Justice (1966), was able to demonstrate that political opinions and the meanings attached to class membership – (see SUBJECTIVE AND OBJECTIVE CLASS) were a function of reference groups and the associated feelings, possibly of relative deprivation. The pronounced attitudinal changes that can be brought about by change in the relative positions of social groups have been shown to be a potent source of political upheaval and revolutionary change (see Urry, 1973).

References in periodicals archive ?
Previously, scholars have always found a negative relationship between perceived overqualification and job satisfaction, which can be explained by relative deprivation theory (G.
The third chapter, "Relative Deprivation Probed," provides a discussion of whether there is a relationship between relative deprivation theory and engineers' education in Jihadi radical organizations.
Hence two important and related theories: relative deprivation theory and frustration-aggression theory of terrorism are adequate enough to explain the phenomenon of Boko Haram insurgency in Nigeria.
Relative deprivation theory, which is the subject of the next subsection, is the theoretical linchpin of this aspect of the new economics of labor migration (Jennissen, 2007: 77).
The Marxist theory about war and the relative deprivation theory are very vividly applicable in some of the conflict scenarios, mostly in revolutionary and civil wars.
2) Clark and Oswald (1996) point out that "the lack of empirical evidence, except of what most economists view as of a circumstantial nature, has kept relative deprivation theory on the periphery of research in economics" (p.
The relative deprivation theory would predict that losers would consistently be at a disadvantage for health and longevity compared to winners, but this is not what we see," Dr.
Social Identity theory, Self Categorization theory (Tajfel 1982, Turner et al 1994, Tougas & Veilleux 1988, Wright, Taylor & Moghaddam 1990; Simon et al 1998, Mummendey et al 1999, De Weerd & Klandermans 1999, Mummendey & Wenzel 1999, Louis & Taylor 1999, Tajfel & Turner 2003, Van Zomeren et al 2004, Van Zomeren, Postmes & Spears 2008, Van Zomeren, Spears, & Leach 2008, Musgrove & McGarty 2008, Derks, Van Laar & Ellemers 2009) and the Relative Deprivation theory (Crosby 1976, Guimond & Dube-Simard 1983, Martin, Bricman & Murray 1984, Kawakami & Dion 1993) are amongst the three most studied explanations of collective action.
An advantage of the relative deprivation theory is that migration decisions are directly affected by socioeconomic conditions in the community.
As mentioned earlier, the theoretical framework of the study is informed by social identity theory (Tajfel & Turner, 1986), relative deprivation theory (Walker & Pettigrew, 1984) and ethnic identity development in adolescence (Phinney, 1989).
While not directly relevant to this study, it is worth noting that our results are also consistent with relative deprivation theory, since we showed that even employees with objectively high wages could still be dissatisfied because of their relative social comparisons (Sweeney et al.

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