Robert Remak

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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Remak, Robert


Born July 26, 1815, in Poznań; died Aug. 29, 1865, in Bad Kissingen. German histologist, embryologist, and neuropathologist.

Remak graduated from the University of Berlin in 1838 and was a professor there from 1859. His principal works were on neurohistology—the structure of peripheral nerves, sympathetic cardiac ganglia, and the peripheral ganglia in the nerves of the digestive tract. The unmyelinated nerve fibers and sympathetic cardiac ganglia between the auricles and ventricles were described by and subsequently named after Remak.

Many of Remak’s works were on cytology and embryology. He was one of the first to discover amitosis. He believed that the three germ layers that form in the embryo and individually develop into specific organs are typical of all vertebrates. Remak also introduced into clinical practice the use of electric direct currents in treating nerve and muscle diseases.


Über ein selbständiges Darmnervensystem. Berlin, 1847.
Untersuchungen über die Entwicklung der Wirbelthiere, fascs. 1–3. Berlin, 1855.
The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.