Remensa

(redirected from Remensas)

Remensa

 

a peasant serf in medieval Catalonia who was subject to the malos usos (feudal obligations), including the remensa —a sum that had to be paid to the lord at the time of the serfs departure. The amount of the remensa was set by the lord, who retained the land the serf had lived on. The status of remensa peasant was hereditary and was acquired by an individual who married a remensa peasant or who purchased a manse for which the remensa was due.

Remensa peasants existed in Catalonia as early as the tenth and 11th centuries but are first mentioned in legal documents dating from the first quarter of the 12th century. Such peasants were most numerous during the 13th and 14th centuries. In the 13th century, a series of decrees by the various cortes placed them completely under the jurisdiction of the lords. The status of remensa peasant was abolished in 1486 by the Sentencia de Guadalupe.

REFERENCES

Piskorskii, V. K. Krepostnoepravo ν Katalonii ν srednie veka. Kiev, 1901.
Arskii, I. V. Ocherki po istorii srednevekovoi Katalonii do soedineniia s Aragonom (VIII-XII vv.). Leningrad, 1941.
Mil’skaia, L. T. Ocherki iz istorii derevni ν Katalonii X-XII vv. Moscow, 1962.
References in periodicals archive ?
La sentencia arbitral de Guadalupe de 1486 promulgada por Fernando el Catolico, respondiendo a una de las reivindicaciones de los remensas planteadas en el proyecto de concordia de 1462 (40), eximio a los vasallos de la obligacion de participar en las obras cuando el castillo estuviera en ruinas, fuese inhabitable o no fuese posible refugiarse en el en caso de necesidad (41), pero, en general, respeto los derechos de castell termenat que pervivieron durante el periodo moderno y siguieron siendo materia de contenciosos entre los senores de los castillos y las comunidades campesinas (42).