René Duguay-Trouin


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Duguay-Trouin, René

 

Born June 10, 1673, in St. Malo; died Sept. 27, 1736, in Paris. French seaman; lieutenant general of the fleet from 1728.

When Duguay-Trouin was 16 years old he volunteered for service on a privateering vessel. He took part in the war of France with the League of Augsburg (1688-97), commanded a privateering frigate when he was 19, and in 1696 entered the royal fleet as a captain. He commanded a detachment and then a squadron of a privateering fleet, successfully attacking the maritime communications of Great Britain and the Netherlands during the War of the Spanish Succession (1701-14). He was a skillful navigator who was noted for his personal bravery; he captured more than 300 merchant ships and 20 warships of the enemy. In 1731 he commanded a squadron in the Mediterranean. A monument was erected to him in Versailles. He left interesting memoirs.