Living Church

(redirected from Renovationism)

Living Church

 

one of the basic groups seeking renewal within the Russian Orthodox Church after the October Revolution of 1917 and the Civil War of 1918–20. Organized in 1922, it continued in existence until the end of the Great Patriotic War (1941–45). The members of the movement sought to “renew” the church, to adapt it to changed political conditions; they were loyal to Soviet power.

References in periodicals archive ?
Roslof, Red Priests: Renovationism, Russian Orthodoxy, and Revolution, 1904-1946 (Bloomington: Indiana University Press, 2002).
Renovationism reached its peak with the Council of 1923, and by the end of World War II, it was a dead institution.
Using both central and regional Communist party archives, Roslof paints a different portrait from other accounts of renovationism. His book is unique in two important ways: the first is the time frame.
(7) The document expressed sentiments such as the following: "The essence of the dangers and problems (that threaten peace and orderly course of church life) can be expressed in a single phrase: the gracious core of the Russian church being eaten away by two destructive diseases, two insidious heresies: renovationism and ecumenism."(8)
Renovationism offered him a useful and willing alternative.
Roslof regards renovationism as a lost opportunity for Orthodox engagement with society.
Roslof, Red Priests: Renovationism, Russian Orthodoxy, and Revolution, 1905-1946 (Bloomington: Indiana University Press, 2002); Kate Transchel, Under the Influence: Working-Class Drinking, Temperance, and Cultural Revolution in Russia, 1895-1932 (Pittsburgh: University of Pittsburgh Press, 2006); Sharon A.
(42) Nikodim died in 1978, not even 50 years old, and they immediately tried to forget about him, and then it started--Nikodimovshchina, "renovationism in a new guise." (43) But Kirill spoke at the 100th anniversary of Nikodim's birth and said that Nikodim was a person who always went against the current and his main virtue was that he was a "true Soviet person." In what way is that a virtue?
Along these lines, I believe that more attention could have been paid to the backgrounds and upbringing of Soviet leaders and activists as to why atheism was so intrinsically linked to their vision of Soviet power and why they consistently rejected the option of sponsoring either a modified Orthodoxy (in the form of Renovationism) or sectarian movements that would have been eager to cooperate in the construction of a socialist society.
(20) But at the heart of the chapters on the Soviet era is a fascinating account, based partly on extensive interviews, of the central role played by former sisters and chernichki in the Voronezh and Tambov regions in establishing and maintaining informal networks that through the 1930s helped bishops maintain contacts with the faithful and resist Renovationism. (21) Throughout most of the Soviet period, these networks supported spiritual elders and their ministries, preserved Orthodox practices and traditions, and fostered a younger generation of female ascetics (Kirichenko concludes his study in the 1960s).
Before the appearance of the new, schismatic Renovationism in May 1922, only two well known schismatic developments existed in the territory of the Soviet state.
Supposedly, believers understood this and therefore did not consider Renovationists to be true priests or attend their churches; this circumstance is offered as the principal reason for the extraction of Renovationism by the mid-1940s.