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(1) The return of emigrants to their country of origin with the restoration of citizenship. Repatriation of emigrants is provided for, for example, by an ukase issued on Oct. 19, 1946, by the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet of the USSR, which states that persons of Armenian nationality returning from abroad to their homeland in Soviet Armenia are recognized as citizens of the USSR from the moment of their arrival in the USSR.
(2) The return to the homeland of prisoners of war and civilians who find themselves outside their country as a result of military actions. According to Article 109 of the Geneva Conventions of 1949 on the treatment of prisoners of war during periods of armed conflict, belligerent countries must return to the homeland severely ill or wounded prisoners of war, regardless of their rank or numbers, as soon as they are fit to travel.
After cessation of military operations, the belligerent countries are obligated to repatriate unconditionally prisoners of war. Those not subject to repatriation include persons who are severely ill and persons who have committed crimes or are serving terms in accordance with a previous court sentence.