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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.



in international law, one of the means of legal defense in relations between countries. Reprisals are sanctions applied by a state in response to illegal acts by another state in order to induce the latter to compensate for damages or to desist from violations in the future.

Reprisals must be preceded by a demand for indemnification. They are permissible only if the other side refuses to make restitution and must cease immediately if redress has been made. Moreover, reprisals must be commensurate with the illegal actions against which they are directed. Under no circumstances, however, may a wronged state resort to armed reprisals, occupy the territory of the delinquent state, or seize its ships on the high seas. In present-day international law such acts are defined as aggression.

The Declaration on the Principles of International Law, adopted by the 25th session of the UN General Assembly in 1970, contained a provision stating that countries must desist from acts of reprisal involving the use of force.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
(15) Although this remark was derided as mad, its political purpose was to encourage the Chinese not to be cowed by the threat of nuclear reprisals. And, indeed, China had intervened against the United States in the Korean War without its territory being bombed, much less nuked.
On 18 May 2018, at the end of his visit to Kyrgyzstan, the Assistant Secretary General for Human Rights attended the Human Rights Defender Platform Security Meeting for Central Asia and engaged with human rights defenders from four countries, but said he regretted that the OHCHR regional office had not felt able to invite representatives from Turkmenistan for fear that they might face intimidation or reprisals from their Government for cooperation with the United Nations.
Reprisals and intimidation, OHCHR said, take on the forms of travel bans, threats and harassment, including by officials, smear campaigns, surveillance, introduction of restrictive legislation, physical attack, arbitrary arrest and detention, torture and ill-treatment, including sexual violence, denial of access to medical attention and even death.
The proposed tariffs are manageable, but reprisals from other countries would be very damaging.'
It reported Israeli cabinet imposed economic reprisals or sanctions on Palestinians, referring to the partial deduction from the monthly tax revenues Israel collects on behalf of the Palestinian Authority (PA).
They will be living in fear of reprisals. We must show support for them and stand united against those who wish to do us harm."
"Some of the bodies were mutilated and burnt by the assailants," he said, adding that the killings sparked reprisal attacks in the town by the mostly Muslim Seleka ex-rebel force.
"It cannot be right that those who are empowered to deal with the situation, albeit on an imperfect and incomplete legal basis, should be inhibited from carrying through their powers by fear of reprisals.
"Frequently, subcontractor employees are in a position to report wrongdoing and they should have the same protection against reprisals that prime contractors do," said Michael Shanker, director of whistleblower reprisal investigations at the IG office.
President Goodluck Jonathan condemned the church attack and vowed a strengthened fight against what he called "acts of terror" in a statement that made no specific mention of reprisals.
In that statement, Mr Wells said he had withdrawn his complaint because he feared "repercussions and reprisals" and that he had been "fully cooperative" with police.