Cisalpine Republic

(redirected from Repubblica Cisalpina)

Cisalpine Republic

(sĭsăl`pīn), Italian state created by Napoleon Bonaparte in 1797 by uniting the Transpadane and Cispadane republics, which he had established (1796) N and S of the Po River. The new republic included the former duchies of Milan, Parma, and Modena, the legations of Bologna and Ferrara, and the Romagna. By the Treaty of Campo Formio (1797), Austria recognized the republic, to which were added the Venetian territories W of the Adige (including Bergamo and Brescia), the duchy of Mantua, and the formerly Swiss Valtellina. The republic was in fact subject to France, and its constitution was based on the French model. In 1799 the Austro-Russian armies occupied it, but Bonaparte recovered it in 1800. By the Treaty of Lunéville (1801) its nominal autonomy was restored. In 1802 it became the Italian Republic and in 1805, with the addition of Venetia, the Napoleonic kingdom of Italy. It was broken up by the Congress of ViennaVienna, Congress of,
Sept., 1814–June, 1815, one of the most important international conferences in European history, called to remake Europe after the downfall of Napoleon I.
..... Click the link for more information.
 in 1815.

Cisalpine Republic

 

a northern Italian republic dependent on France. The Cisalpine Republic was established by Napoleon Bonaparte in June 1797. In addition to the territory of the Cispadane Republic, it included such regions as Lombardy and Romagna. From May 1799 to June 1800 the Cisalpine Republic was occupied by the Austrians. It was reorganized in January 1802 as the Italian Republic, which in 1805 was transformed by Napoleon into the Kingdom of Italy.

References in periodicals archive ?
Ma, nonostante le cocenti delusioni inferte agli italiani con la cessione di Venezia, Carlino riconosce che a lui si deve la nascita della Repubblica Cisalpina, "primo risorgimento della vita e del pensier nazionale" (XV 943).
5) Anche in un altro episodio, nel Capitolo XV, quello dell'arrivo a Milano di Napoleone nel giorno della Festa per la proclamazione della Repubblica Cisalpina, il generale viene di nuovo messo alla berlina, con effetto di straniamento, dai pettegolezzi di alcune popolane circa il suo aspetto fisico non accattivante.