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(ĭng'go͞oshĕt`ēə, –shē`shə) or

Ingush Republic

(ĭngo͞osh`), republic, c.1,240 sq mi (3,210 sq km), Russian Federation, in the N Caucasus. The capital (since 2003) is Magas, a new city in the suburbs of Nazran, the former capital. Ingushetia comprises roughly the western fifth of the former Chechen-Ingush Republic (see ChechnyaChechnya
or Chechen Republic
, republic (1990 est. pop. 1,300,000, with neighboring Ingushetia), c.6,100 sq mi (15,800 sq km), SE European Russia, in the N Caucasus. Grozny is the capital. Prior to 1992 Chechnya and Ingushetia comprised the Checheno-Ingush Republic.
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). The republic of Georgia lies to the south, across the Caucasus, and North Ossetia-Alania lies to the north and west. Farming, cattle raising, and horticulture are key occupations. The Ingush are Sunni Muslims and speak a Caucasian language.

The Ingush migrated from the Caucasus Mts. into the plains from the 16th cent. Long grouped with the Chechens, they were granted autonomy as the Ingush Region in 1924 but joined in the Chechen-Ingush Autonomous Region in 1934. Many Ingush, along with Chechens, were deported into Central Asia in 1944 after collaborating with invading German forces during World War II; in 1956 the deportees were repatriated.

After Chechnya declared independence (1991), Ingushetia gained de facto separate status as a republic (formalized in 1992). The republic has suffered from political violence arising from an Islamist-tinged insurgency and government repression; in 2009 there was an assassination attempt on the region's president. The fighting in Chechnya occasionally has spilled over into Ingushetia, and there have been tensions with Chechnya, including disputes over territory. Also in 1992, violence in an Ingush-dominated district of neighboring North Ossetia-Alania (see OssetiaOssetia
or Alania
, Ossetian Iryston, region of the central Caucasus, divided between the Republic of Georgia and the Russian Federation. On the northern slope is North Ossetia-Alania (1990 est. pop.
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) drove many refugees into Ingushetia; the Ossetian district involved was officially Ingush territory prior to World War II, and remains a source of tension between the two republics.

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References in periodicals archive ?
His Highness the Emir Sheikh Tamim bin Hamad al-Thani met the President of the Russian Republic of Ingushetia, Yunus-bek Yevkurov, at his Emiri Diwan office yesterday.
He divided Chechnya, creating the republic of Ingushetia. Then, in July 1937, his NKVD secret police shot 14,000 Chechen in one mass killing.
At least two police officers have been killed in the Russian republic of Ingushetia after a suicide bomb went off near a police headquarters, officials have said.
Murders of human rights activists in Russia have been happening with such frequency that some will be tempted to shrug at the brutal slaying on Sunday of Maksharip Aushev, who campaigned against abuses by the security forces in the Caucasian republic of Ingushetia. Mr.
11 October 2009 <p>Last week the president of the tiny Russian federal republic of Ingushetia in the Caucasus sacked his prime minister and Cabinet because, apparently, they had not stamped out corruption.
On Monday morning, within hours of each other, a giant Siberian dam was seriously damaged by an uncontrolled torrent of water pouring through the machine room and more than 20 people were killed when a suicide truck bomb rammed a police station in the North Caucasus republic of Ingushetia.
During a visit to The Star, Zyazikov expressed his deep interest in promoting cooperation between Jordan and the Republic of Ingushetia at all levels.
LAST YEAR: More than 90 people were killed and 120 wounded in attacks in the Russian republic of Ingushetia. Sixty-seven dead were in law-enforcement agencies.
By 2003 about 260,000 Chechens had set up camps in the adjacent Republic of Ingushetia in farm fields and factory grounds, living in leaky tents with inadequate protection from the cold.
In a damp and bullet-riddled apartment block, a sick woman hands over her three small children to Hadizhat Gataeva, a Chechen woman who runs a makeshift orphanage at a refugee camp in the neighboring Republic of Ingushetia. Honkasalo's camera never falters as it records the children's wails of despair and the mother's grief.
He also said the bodies of 12 of the attackers had been identified, and that some of them had taken part in a June attack in the neighbouring Russian republic of Ingushetia that targeted police and killed 88 people.