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(ĭng'go͞oshĕt`ēə, –shē`shə) or

Ingush Republic

(ĭngo͞osh`), republic, c.1,240 sq mi (3,210 sq km), Russian Federation, in the N Caucasus. The capital (since 2003) is Magas, a new city in the suburbs of Nazran, the former capital. Ingushetia comprises roughly the western fifth of the former Chechen-Ingush Republic (see ChechnyaChechnya
or Chechen Republic
, republic (1990 est. pop. 1,300,000, with neighboring Ingushetia), c.6,100 sq mi (15,800 sq km), SE European Russia, in the N Caucasus. Grozny is the capital. Prior to 1992 Chechnya and Ingushetia comprised the Checheno-Ingush Republic.
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). The republic of Georgia lies to the south, across the Caucasus, and North Ossetia-Alania lies to the north and west. Farming, cattle raising, and horticulture are key occupations. The Ingush are Sunni Muslims and speak a Caucasian language.

The Ingush migrated from the Caucasus Mts. into the plains from the 16th cent. Long grouped with the Chechens, they were granted autonomy as the Ingush Region in 1924 but joined in the Chechen-Ingush Autonomous Region in 1934. Many Ingush, along with Chechens, were deported into Central Asia in 1944 after collaborating with invading German forces during World War II; in 1956 the deportees were repatriated.

After Chechnya declared independence (1991), Ingushetia gained de facto separate status as a republic (formalized in 1992). The republic has suffered from political violence arising from an Islamist-tinged insurgency and government repression; in 2009 there was an assassination attempt on the region's president. The fighting in Chechnya occasionally has spilled over into Ingushetia, and there have been tensions with Chechnya, including disputes over territory. Also in 1992, violence in an Ingush-dominated district of neighboring North Ossetia-Alania (see OssetiaOssetia
or Alania
, Ossetian Iryston, region of the central Caucasus, divided between the Republic of Georgia and the Russian Federation. On the northern slope is North Ossetia-Alania (1990 est. pop.
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) drove many refugees into Ingushetia; the Ossetian district involved was officially Ingush territory prior to World War II, and remains a source of tension between the two republics.

References in periodicals archive ?
The program provides for the commissioning of 13 buildings of general educational institutions in the NCFD with a total capacity of 4,808 places, two of which in the Republic of Ingushetia are in Karabulak and the rural settlement of Sagopshi.
For his part, President Yunus-bek Yevkurov expressed hope that this visit will enhance ties between Qatar and the Republic of Ingushetia in all fields and invited the Emir to visit Ingushetia.
11 October 2009 <p>Last week the president of the tiny Russian federal republic of Ingushetia in the Caucasus sacked his prime minister and Cabinet because, apparently, they had not stamped out corruption.
On Monday morning, within hours of each other, a giant Siberian dam was seriously damaged by an uncontrolled torrent of water pouring through the machine room and more than 20 people were killed when a suicide truck bomb rammed a police station in the North Caucasus republic of Ingushetia.
The Chair of the Assembly of Peoples of Kyrgyzstan, Janyl Tumenbaeva, today will meet with the delegation from the Republic of Ingushetia led by the Minister of Public Relations and Inter-ethnic Relations Magomet Marhiev.
During a visit to The Star, Zyazikov expressed his deep interest in promoting cooperation between Jordan and the Republic of Ingushetia at all levels.
LAST YEAR: More than 90 people were killed and 120 wounded in attacks in the Russian republic of Ingushetia.
By 2003 about 260,000 Chechens had set up camps in the adjacent Republic of Ingushetia in farm fields and factory grounds, living in leaky tents with inadequate protection from the cold.
In a damp and bullet-riddled apartment block, a sick woman hands over her three small children to Hadizhat Gataeva, a Chechen woman who runs a makeshift orphanage at a refugee camp in the neighboring Republic of Ingushetia.
Some had taken part in a June attack in the neighbouring Russian republic of Ingushetia that targeted police and killed 88 people.
He also said the bodies of 12 of the attackers had been identified, and that some of them had taken part in a June attack in the neighbouring Russian republic of Ingushetia that targeted police and killed 88 people.
Mikhail Lapotnikov, a senior investigator in the North Caucasus prosecutors' office, said the investigation also had established the group took part in a June attack targeting police and security officials in the neighbouring republic of Ingushetia.