Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth

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Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth

 

(in Polish, Rzeczpospolita), the traditional name of the Polish state from the late 15th century through the 18th. The Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth was a specific type of monarchy subject to influence from the estates and headed by a king elected by the Sejm. From the time of the Union of Lublin of 1569 until 1795, this was the official name of the Polish-Lithuanian state.

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He stopped instead in the Polish capital, and Ewa Manikowska writes a fascinating essay on the contradictions inherent in the Republic of Two Nations, where Warsaw was far poorer than Dresden, the Saxon city from which Protestant kings ruled over a Polish Catholic population.

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