Rif Republic

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Rif Republic

 

a state (1921–26) that was created in Morocco during the anti-imperialist struggle of the Rif tribes of Morocco for national liberation, which took place after Russia’s Great October Socialist Revolution.

The republic was a military and political association of tribes living in the Rif Mountains of northern Morocco. The supreme legislative and executive powers were exercised by the National Assembly, which was headed by the president, or emir, Abd al-Karim. The republic had a five-member government. The local administrative unit was a tribe headed by a kaid and a community council, or jamaah. The kaids were subordinate to the Ministry of Internal Affairs and the Council for Tribal Affairs.

The revenue from special taxes, for example a poll tax and a tax on personal income, was used for the needs of the army. For a long time the Rif Republic successfully fought off Spanish and French troops, defeating them repeatedly. The republic fell on May 27, 1926, under the united onslaught of the Spanish and French armies.

REFERENCES

Frunze, M. V. “Evropeiskie tsivilizatory i Marokko.” Izbr. proizv., vol. 2, Moscow, 1957.
Lutskaia, N. S. Respublika Rif. Moscow, 1959. (Bibliography.)
Semard, P. Voina v Marokko. London, 1925. (Translated from French.)
Muhammed al-Alami. Zaim al-Rif Muhammad Abd al-Karim al-Khattabi (The Leader of Rif Mohammed Abd al-Karim …). Casablanca, 1968.
Gabrielli, L. Abd el-Krim et les événements du Rif (1924–26). Casablanca [1953].

N. S. LUTSKAIA

References in periodicals archive ?
On more than one occasion the Berber guerrillas inflicted stinging defeats on the Spanish army, culminating in the humiliating defeat at Annual in 1921, when some 60,000 Spanish soldiers were annihilated by the irregular soldiers of Abd-El-Krim's shortlived republic of the Rif.
Fernandes Silvestre's Spanish army at the battle of Anual (July 21, 1922), and advanced into the suburbs of Melilla; proclaimed the Republic of the Rif (1923), and organized a modern army, including many mercenaries, and armed with machine guns and mountain artillery; a French advance into the Wargla (Ouargla) valley provoked him to attack them as well, and he advanced almost as far as Fez (April 12-July, 1925); turned back by a skillful defense directed by General (later Marshal) Louis H.

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