Rerum Novarum


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Rerum Novarum

 

(literally, “of new things”), an encyclical issued by Pope Leo XIII on May 15, 1891. Rerum novarum, which was directed against socialism and the working-class movement, reflected the adaptation of the Catholic Church and the papacy to capitalism and to the defense of the principles of bourgeois society, after centuries of defending and supporting feudal absolutist regimes. The encyclical took note of new phenomena in economics and social relations, including the development of industrialism, the concentration of capital in the hands of a few, the increasing poverty among the broad masses of the people, and the deepening of social conflicts. Although Rerum novarum expressed sympathy for the working people, it preached that private property and the class division of society would always exist. Moreover, the encyclical resolutely opposed socialism, and called for the repudiation of the class struggle and for class collaboration.

Attributing all the world’s misfortunes to original sin, Rerum novarum declared that suffering is the lot of mankind. To counteract class organizations of workers, the encyclical proposed the creation of workers’ organizations headed by the clergy and based on the principles of collaboration between labor and capital.

The basic principles enunciated in Rerum novarum regarding new world phenomena laid the foundation for other social encyclicals, including Quadragesimo anno (1931), which marked the 40th anniversary of Rerum novarum, and Mater et magistra (1961), which marked the 70th anniversary, as well as the apostolic letter “Octogesimo adveniens” (1971), which marked the 80th anniversary.

References in periodicals archive ?
According to the Rerum Novarum, it doesn't mean if the Lord has given the world to us that we treat it as private property.
In Rerum novarum, Leo XIII condemned both the prevailing capitalism and socialism.
Catholic social teaching's defense of private property traces all the way back to Pope Leo XIII's 1891 Rerum Novarum (On Capital and Labor).
in his encyclical Rerum novarum. A quick glance at the evolution through
Pero, ante todo, pone especial atencion al periodo comenzado en 1891, tras la publicacion por Leon XIII de la enciclica Rerum Novarum, hito con el que se da inicio a lo que luego se llamo Doctrina Social de la Iglesia.
For example, the very first social encyclical, 'Rerum Novarum' of Pope Leo XIII, published in 1891, clearly stated that man must never be treated as an instrument but rather as an end in himself.
El sumario de este discurso social, se inicio con la primera enciclica social Rerum Novarum en 1881 con el papa leon XIII, los documentos de los pontifices sucesores hasta el actual pontificado del papa Francisco.
Synopsis: Pope Leo XIII's encyclical on the relationship between capital and labor (Rerum Novarum) and Abraham Kuyper's speech to the first Christian Social Congress ("The Social Question and the Christian Religion"), both published in 1891, are foundational sources for subsequent Christian social thought in their respective traditions, both Roman Catholic and Reformed.
Besides having taken an active part in the social reform process, Sanabria was one of the founders, in 1945, of the Confederacion de Trabajadores Rerum Novarum (Rerum Novarum Workers' Confederation) and five years later created the Congregacion de las Hermanas Misioneras de la Asuncion (Congregation of the Missionary Sisters of the Assumption).
Aliados con los pobres y sus causas, seguramente tuvieron en mente posicionamientos historicos de la doctrina social de la Iglesia, inaugurada por Leon XIII en 1891 con la publicacion de su enciclica Rerum Novarum (De las cosas nuevas), en la que se referia a la situacion de los obreros y denunciaba los abusos cometidos en contra de ellos.
Scholarship, clarity of expression, supportive exposition of the aligned compatibility between social democratic and Laborist positions and Church social theory - from the papal encyclicals of Pope Leo XIII's Rerum Novarum (1891) and Pope Pius Xl's Quadragesimo Anno (1931), the English-origin though universal ideas of Distributism, to Catholic social thinking in the heyday of Catholic Action in Australia from the mid-1930s to mid-1960s--are explored thoroughly and sympathetically.
In the spring of 1891, Pope Leo XIII promulgated the encyclical Rerum Novarum, on the "new things" of the modern world, particularly the relationship between capital and labor, following revolutions in politics, economics, and society.