Data for answering research question
3 is presented in Table 3:
2 is related to all cycles of DSRM; design cycle that iterates between the design and evaluation, rigor cycle that provides scientific foundation and past knowledge to the research project and the relevance cycle that bridges the DSRM to the environment and allows developing artifact be demonstrated to the application domain.
Whatever research question
is proposed should be socially and ethically acceptable.
: Does storing popcorn in the refrigerator make it pop faster?
A research question
might be used to direct a literature review (Nash, 2015) or a pilot study (Klaus & Steinwedel, 2015).
2 took a closer look at the yearly average labor force participation rate data during the 2009 -2012 time period by examining these data and the nationally representative participation samples according to gender.
Sackett, Officer of the Order of Canada and the founding Chair of Canada's first Department of Clinical Epidemiology & Biostatistics at McMaster University, highlights the importance of mapping one's research strategy in exploration of the research question
: "one-third of a trial's time between the germ of your idea and its publication in the New England Journal of Medicine should be spent fighting about the research question
." (personal communication, November 30, 2011) We describe a randomized controlled trial (RCT) example to highlight how clinicians may use existing literature and the PICOT format to formulate a research question
on treatment efficacy.
Then select and connect concepts to ask a research question
. Remember always to include the topic from the central box in the research question
Consistent with procedures outlined by Morrow-Howell, Burnette, and Chen (2005), we calculated importance and consensus scores for each research question
. Using a neutral point of 2.5 on the 5-point scale, we determined importance scores by calculating the mean rating of each research question
and categorized each as extremely important (4.5-5.0), important (3.5-4.49), moderately important (2.5-3.49), of little importance (1.5-2.49), or extremely unimportant (1.0-1.49).
High school teachers will find the chapters on literature searching, developing research questions
, and data collection techniques useful for introducing students to the scientific process and developing critical thinking and observation skills.
3, which asks if high GPA students are more likely to elicit academic oriented expectations than low GPA students, was examined in a manner similar to research question
Clinicians who have formed their own research question
and design may only require assistance with completing an ethics application and analysing data.