Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus, Legal, Financial, Idioms.
Related to Reservations: Indian Reservations
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.



(also, reserves), in some capitalist countries, areas set aside for the forcible settlement of the remainder of the indigenous population. There are reservations for American Indians in the USA, Canada, and Brazil, for Australian aborigines in the Commonwealth of Australia, and for Africans in the Republic of South Africa.

In the USA reservations are managed by the Bureau of Indian Affairs, created in 1842. In actuality, the bureau’s activities are aimed at reducing the amount of reservation land, which decreased from 138 million acres in 1887 to 43 million acres in 1961. The bureau allows private monopolies to develop the natural resources of reservations. In the 1950’s the US Congress passed a series of laws designed to abolish the reservations and evict the Indians.

In Canada the Department of Indian Affairs and Northern Development, created in 1860, was also instrumental in reducing reservation land and turning its natural resources over to monopolies. In 1966 reservation land totaled approximately 6 million acres, regarded as the property of 230,000 Indians. In 1969 the Canadian government announced its intention to abolish the reservations.

In Australia reservations are areas inhabited by aborigines, which only government employees and authorized persons are permitted to enter. Most of the reservations are in Western Australia, Queensland, and the Northern Territory, where they occupy more than 255,000 sq km, or 130,000 sq miles. On some reserves the aborigines have to some extent preserved their traditional way of life, but on others “detribalized” aborigines —those without tribal and clan ties—have taken up a sedentary way of life, hiring themselves out as laborers or receiving assistance from charitable organizations and missions.

In the Republic of South Africa reservations occupied approximately 13 percent of the country’s territory in 1970, and in this area lived about one-third of the country’s African population. In the early 1960’s the country’s racist government proceeded to organize Bantustans (Bantu Homelands), such as Transkei, Ciskei, and Kwazulu, by combining small reservations. The African population officially enjoys certain rights only on its own territory; in other parts of the country, declared “white areas,” Africans have only “temporary visiting” status. In the Republic of South Africa, the Bantustans constitute an important reservoir of cheap labor, and the workers living in these areas are deprived of basic human rights.

The American Indians, Africans, and Australian aborigines who have been driven onto reservations are waging a valiant and persistent struggle against discrimination. They are fighting for their rights to their ancient lands or for equitable compensation for forcibly seized territories. A notable example is the armed uprising in 1973 of American Indians in the settlement of Wounded Knee on the Pine Ridge Reservation in South Dakota, USA.


Kabo, V. R. “Sovremennoe polozhenie aborigenov Avstralii.” Sovetskaia etnografiia, 1962, no. 5.
Bunting, B. Stanovlenie iuzhno-afrikanskogo reikha. Moscow, 1965. Pages 368, 372. (Translated from English.)
Natsional’nye problemy Kanady. Moscow, 1972.
Nalsional’nye protsessy v SShA. Moscow, 1973.
The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
Railways sources said that quota of different railways stations from Multan to Rohri was not fed in Railways central IT system and described it as the reason behind unavailability of computerized reservation.
His remarks came a day after controversy erupted over RSS chief Mohan Bhagwat's statement who said there should be conversation in a "harmonious atmosphere" between those in favour of reservation and those against it.
The CM has assured the speaker of resolving his reservations as soon as possible.
A number of sites are ready for endorsement to President Rodrigo Duterte for declaration as mineral reservations, pursuant to Republic Act No.
Earlier, PML-N expressed reservations over the appointment of Professor Hassan Askari Rizvi as caretaker chief minister Punjab.
Guests can call today for reservations for Thursday, April 26.
Auto Business News-January 16, 2018--Infinti launches new reservation program for 2019 QX50
The response from the Congress has been positive with Siddharth Patel, the senior-most Patel leader in Congress' Gujarat state unit, saying the party's legal team was working on a strategy by which it can give Patidars reservations.
"Tamil Nadu is implementing 69 per cent reservations for over two decades.
JEDDAH: The number of reservations for external travel during Eid Al-Fitr increased 80 percent, in comparison with other days, and ticket prices witnessed a slight increase of 15 percent.
Kn Karayal, managing partner of the leading online reservation website, has also witnessed a significant rise in early reservations in recent years.
Restaurants do this to avoid losing revenue in the event that guests who have reservations do not show up.