Decay in roof exposure was best modeled using the initial MC gain/permeability, moisture uptake following rain, extent of checking, and the amount of dehydroabietic resin acid
including isopimaric acid (1), mercusis acid (2), neoabietic acid (3), dehydroabietic acid (4), and podocarpic acid (8), as well as resin acid
derivatives [beta], 9 [alpha], 13 [alpha]-H-tetrahydroabietic acid (5), 8 [alpha], 9 [alpha], 13[alpha],-H-terahydroabietic acid (6), 13 [alpha],-H-[delta] (8) -dihydroabietic acid (7), maleopimaric acid (9), and fumaropimaric acid (10), were studied for their possible inhibitory effects on Epstein-Barr virus early antigen (EBV-Ea) activation induced by 12-O-tetradecanoylphorabol-13-acetate (TPA).
To illustrate the value of two-stage, or combination, degradative processes, the kinetics of resin acid
mineralization were assessed using two-stage laboratory scale systems.
All sawdust and pellets samples for fatty and resin acid
analysis were dried at 105[degrees]C for 24 hours before extraction.
Table 5: US Exports of Rosin, Resin Acids
, Run Gums, Rosin
The normal products of wood include tannins, resin acids
Examples include carrageenan from kelp, biodiesel from vegetable oils, and resin acids
from the "extractives" of trees.
In alkaline conditions, such as in kraft pulping, the triglycerides are completely saponified, and the free fatty acids and resin acids
are dissolved, but sterols and some steryl esters and waxes do not form soluble soap and tend to deposit and cause pitch problems.
Composed mainly of cellulose, polyoses, and lignin, wood dust may contain a variety of nonpolar organic extractives (fatty acids, resin acids
, waxes, alcohols, terpenes, sterols, steryl esters, and glycerols), polar organic extractives (tannins, flavonoids, quinones, and lignans), and water-soluble extractives (carbohydrates, alkaloids, proteins, and inorganic material) (20).
Rosin and Resin Acids
, and Derivatives, Rosin Spirit and Oils, Run Gums: European Union Market Outlook 2010 and Forecast till 2015
The polar fraction is also analyzed using LRGC and HRGC and the composition of lignans, stilbenes, and oxidized resin acids
can be obtained.
The report will be of considerable interest primarily to relevant strategic planners, senior company officials and importers/exporters since it features invaluable information on rosin and resin acids
export/import operations segmented by country and region.