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The study of the phenomenon of somatic death.



the division of medical, biological, and clinical disciplines that studies the immediate causes of death as well as thanatogenesis, or the clinical and morphological manifestations and dynamics of dying. Thanatology also studies medical intervention in the death process to revive the organism or alleviate the death agony.

A distinction is made between general and specific thanatology. General thanatology studies the overall death process, and specific thanatology studies the terminal state associated with different diseases and different causes of death. Specific thanatology involves a consecutive study of data on the course of the given disease, on the hereditary and constitutional predispositions to the disease, and on the clinical and morphologial manifestations of the disease. On the basis of these data, the clinical and anatomical epicrisis, or thanatological analysis, is made. The epicrisis is particularly important in forensic medicine and forensic thanatology.

In relation to the growing importance of the discipline of reanimatology, the field of experimental thanatology has developed. Experimental thanatology studies the cessation or restoration of the body’s vital functions during the terminal state. Clinical and experimental studies have established that the basic terminal pathogenetic factor in all forms of the death process is hypoxia, a state involving the accumulation of incompletely oxidized products in the cells and tissues. These studies have also demonstrated the important role played in the death process by the impairment of nervous function and of the hormonal, enzymatic, and ionic equilibriums.


Shor, G. V. “Tanatologiia (uchenie o smerti) pod uglom zreniia patologicheskoi anatomii.” In Trudy I Vserossiiskogo s”ezda patologov. Moscow, 1924.
Negovskii, V. A. “Osnovnye itogi patofiziologicheskogo izucheniia protsessov umiraniia i ozhivleniia organizma.” Arkhiv patologii, 1962, vol. 24, no. 7.


References in periodicals archive ?
But one got the distinct impression that the ban was less out of respect for the dead on display than for deference to the curators' commercial copyright.
The coast guard officials said they decided it was not appropriate to keep the remains longer out of respect for the dead.
SAFETY campaigners yesterday called for Bonfire Night firework displays to be abandoned this year as a mark of respect for the dead in New York and Washington.
Later at a World Cup qualifying match in Tehran, Iranian and Bahraini soccer players observed a minute's silence in respect for the dead.
At Doncaster, Goodwood and Hereford the feeling was one of trying to carry on while showing respect for the dead.
They were forced to back down after a massive backlash and delay the game by a day to show respect for the dead princess.
In the name of the autonomy of art and the freedom of criticism, he has decided that Plath's poem will not be taught in the Pataniganj Literature Department; out of respect for the dead, deeply ingrained in his form of Hinduism, he will remain forever silent on her work.
Yet behind the differences and struggles, Kselman shows, the French did find some common ground: a consensus on the importance of respect for the dead.
This year's Undas, we hope to see a more authentic expression of our respect for the dead by keeping the abode of their remains wastefree.
So much for respect for the dead, or innocent until proven guilty.
RESPECT for the dead was once shown without hesitation.
But respect for the dead and those mourning her death was nevertheless high.