care

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CARE

(Cooperative for Assistance and Relief Everywhere), nonprofit, nonsectarian federation of agencies devoted to channeling relief and self-help materials to needy people in foreign countries. Organized in the United States (1945) to help war-ravaged Europe, CARE soon expanded its program to include developing nations in Asia, Africa, and Latin America. Famous for its "CARE packages" of food and other necessities, CARE in now also involved in population, health care, land management, and small economic activity. It is now an international organization with 10 member countries and headquarters in Brussels.

care

  1. the work involved in supporting people who, because of physical frailty chronic illness or other forms of incapacity and disability, are incapable of leading an autonomous existence.
  2. other kinds of carework, e.g. in child-rearing (see CHILD CARE) and DOMESTIC LABOUR. This should be distinguished from care in sense 1.
Care in sense 1 operates over a wide range of social relations. A clear dividing line can be drawn between formal and informal care (see Abrams, 1978) as it exists in contemporary industrial societies. Formal care refers to services provided by agents of organization (statutory, voluntary and/or private) to people within clearly defined categories of need. Informal care is personally directed towards certain people who have a social relationship with their carer - usually a family member, and most often a spouse (Parker, 1993), or female relative.

Feminist sociologists (see also FEMINISM) have had a major impact on the understanding of care and caring relationships. They have argued that caring is ‘a gendered concept’ and that women constitute the majority of carers both informally, in the private sphere, and as low-paid care workers (‘care assistants’) in the formal sector (Finch and Groves, 1982; Ungerson, 1987; Lewis and Meredith, 1988). Studies of caring have examined the complex reasons why women care and the particular problems and difficulties they face. Social policies involving decarceration and COMMUNITY CARE, the decline of neighbour-hood and COMMUNITY associated with increasing SOCIAL (and geographical) MOBILITY, have placed an increasing burden on individual women carers. There is some evidence that women are reluctant to enter caring relationships with female relatives but lack viable alternatives (Cotterill, 1994). Recent research using data from the 1980 British General Household Survey has also pointed to the significant contribution made by male carers, particularly men who care for their wives (Arber and Gilbert, 1989).

care, custody, and control

Describes a standard exclusion in liability insurance policies. Under this exclusion, the liability insurance does not apply to damage to property in the care or custody of the insured, or to damage to property over which the insured is for any purpose exercising physical control.

CARE

agency devoted to channeling relief to needy people abroad. [Am. Hist.: NCE, 456]

care

in (or into) care Social welfare made the legal responsibility of a local authority by order of a court
References in periodicals archive ?
Carers need respite care to give them a break from caring - we need the right to a holiday alone.
Mums Martine O'Callaghan and Hayley Norris launched the CWTCH Network - which stands for Carers Working Towards Change - earlier this year to fight the funding cut to overnight respite care.
For these reasons, there is a consensus among professionals and researchers that providing respite care is a national concern (4) and a significant recruitment and retention tool for foster parents.
I would like to ask your readers to join us in calling for quality, choice and dignity in respite care for all and to support our vital work.
Care plans for people who use respite care will be completed this week.
The findings of Meltzer and Johnson's study illustrate the importance of respite care provision in a therapeutic camp setting.
States plan to use the grant funds for a variety of activities including respite care provider training, the development of respite care provider registries, public awareness and education initiatives, and improving coordination across the various agencies that handle respite care services.
But after the state's latest round of budget cuts, the family's respite care hours were reduced to 50 and are expected to be eliminated altogether by Oct.
The Telfers said their inability to attend was an example of how they have become trapped by their son's disability because of inadequate respite care.
LONDON, June 10 /PRNewswire/ -- The Government has today (Tuesday 10 June) announced a new National Strategy for Carers, which promises to double the amount spent on respite care over two years.
And he also hit out at the lottery which means that he qualifies for respite care for Ivan - while the Meeks do not.
New figures reveal 28,000 carers saw their Annual Respite Care Grant increase from EUR835 to EUR1,000.