Retaining Wall


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retaining wall

[ri′tān·iŋ ‚wȯl]
(civil engineering)
A wall designed to maintain differences in ground elevations by holding back a bank of material.

retaining wall

A wall, either freestanding or laterally braced, that bears against earth or other fill surface and resists lateral and other forces from the material in contact with the side of the wall.
See also: half-timbered wall

Retaining Wall

 

a structure that keeps earth lying behind it from sliding.

Retaining walls are used in hydraulic engineering, road building, industrial construction, and civil engineering. They are very common in hydraulic engineering, in which they constitute one of the most important structural elements in embankments, berths, lock compartments, shore abutments of spillway dams and hydroelectric power plants, chutes, and overfalls. They are constructed of natural rock, concrete, reinforced concrete, metal, and wood. The cross-section area and the profile of a retaining wall are determined by calculations of its strength and its shear resistance. When the resistance is provided by its own weight, it is called a gravity-type retaining wall.

Retaining wall

A generic structure that is employed to restrain a vertical-faced or near-vertical-faced mass of earth. The earth behind the wall may be either the natural embankment or the backfill material placed adjacent to the retaining wall. Retaining walls must resist the lateral pressure of the earth, which tends to cause the structure to slide or overturn.

There are several types of retaining walls. A gravity wall is typically made of concrete and relies on its weight for stability (illus. a). The mass of the structure must be sufficient to develop enough frictional resistance to sliding, and the base or footing of the structure must be wide enough to develop sufficient moment to resist overturning earth forces. A cantilever retaining wall (illus. b) gains a larger effective mass by virtue of the soil placed on the horizontal cantilevered section of the wall. Reinforced counterforts are spaced along the wall to increase its strength. A variation of the gravity retaining wall is the crib wall (illus. c) is usually constructed of prefabricated interlocking concrete units. The crib is then filled with soil before the backfill adjacent to the crib is placed. Bulkhead retaining walls (illus. d) consist of vertical sheet piling that extends down into the soil and is stabilized by one or more tiebacks and anchors periodically spaced along the structure. The sheet piling may be made of reinforced concrete, steel, or aluminum. See Cantilever

Retaining walls are often used in the marine environment, where they separate the retained soil from the water. Gravity walls (known as seawalls) can be constructed where strong wave and current forces are exerted on the wall. Bulkheads are more commonly found in sheltered areas such as harbors and navigation channels. See Harbors and ports

retaining wall

retaining wall
A wall, either freestanding or laterally braced, that bears against an earth or other fill surface and resists lateral and other forces from the material in contact with the side of the wall, thereby preventing the mass from sliding to a lower elevation. Also see cantilever wall, counterfort wall, gravity wall.
References in periodicals archive ?
Little declined to speculate on whether the retaining wall meant to prevent the section of highway from sinking contributed to its damage.
Centex to Inspect all of its Retaining Walls in San Antonio
Anchor Wall Systems has created a variety of retaining wall blocks to help homeowners create beautiful borders, terraces, tree rings and flower beds.
The company urged homeowners to get an inspection from a knowledgeable contractor to find out if a retaining wall is needed and what kind would best suit the situation.
The 370-yard-long retaining wall is showing signs of weakening, and the adjacent roadbed has been damaged over the years by floods and mudslides.
Owners pay more attention to retaining walls when faced with transferring their property because the movement in or shifting of a retaining wall may be documented in a survey of the property when it is in the process of being conveyed.
Some homeowners have retaining walls and then build a fence three feet high or more starting from the top of the retaining wall.
On the north side, a retaining wall wraps protectively around the chapel, diverting water that undermined the foundations of the original church.
In response to the statement by the City of Planning Services and Development comments regarding a permit for the retaining wall: the retaining wall was constructed by a company that specializes in the construction of retaining walls.
CUMMINGTON- RETAINING WALL REPLACEMENT ON ROUTE 9 ADJACENT TO C-21-023 OVER WESTFIELD BROOK
To protect the road from future flood damages 120 meters long retaining wall was also built up.