Retezat


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Retezat

 

a national park in Rumania established in 1935 for the preservation of natural landforms in the Retezat mountain massif in the Southern Carpathians. Area, 13,000 hectares (1975; 1,840 hectares are part of a preserve). There are numerous traces of ancient glaciation (troughs, cirques, glacial lakes). Beech, spruce, and fir forests predominate. Limited grazing of cattle is permitted in some places on the alpine meadows. The park is one of the southern habitats for northern forest-dwelling birds (for example, the hazel hen).

References in periodicals archive ?
He said the group was in the Retezat Mountains, an area popular with hikers 350 kilometers (220 miles) northwest of Bucharest, the capital.
* three biosphere reserves: - Delta (1991), Retezat (1979), Pietrosul Rodna (1979);
Out of this overall surface, 8% (which means 102,434 ha) is constituted by 827 scientific and natural reservations, as well as natural monuments, whilst the rest of 92% (of 1,132, 174.80 ha) is comprised by the eighteen existing nature and national parks, by the biosphere reservations in Retezat Mountains and Pietrosul Rodnei (both declared by UNESCO in 1979) totalling a 552,174 ha (that is 45%), as well as the Biosphere Reservation Danube Delta the surface of which represents 47%, that is 580,000 ha.
Located along the Carpathian Mountains, Valea Jiului is the gate to the Retezat National Park and to other Carpathian destinations, being surrounded by the Parang group and Retezat group mountains.
Attempts were made to lure tourists to some of Romania's most scenic areas in the eclipse's path, including the Retezat and Paring mountains in the southern Carpathians.
Degradation of these monuments and nature reserves exist in appreciable numbers in our country may be largely driven by uncontrolled economic activities, their damaging incalculable damage both from the scientific and economic opportunities by reducing their tourism recovery (Danube Delta, Retezat National Park, caves monuments of nature reserves in the Bucegi Mountains, tails, gout etc.).
Within the three northern counties of Oltenia, there are 104 protected natural areas (National Spatial Plan, Section VI) (39 in Gorj, 34 in Mehedinti and 31 in Valcea), all of them with great potential for tourism, these include: national parks, (such as Retezat); gorges, caves well equipped and open to tourists; phossiliferous points (5 such points only in Gorj county), karst springs (the Cerna and the Jales karst springs, both of them being protected by law); glacial relief forms, vegetation elements, etc.
Geo-electrical soundings reveal the existence of permafrost in rock glaciers from Retezat Mountains, the depth of active layer, typical internal structure of periglacial deposits and the freezing regime of the sediments inside earth hummocks.
About 5.18% of the area of Romania has a protected status: three biosphere reserves (Danube Delta, Retezat and Rodna), thirteen national parks (Domogled-Valea Cernei, Cheile Nerei-Beusnita, SemenicCheile Cara[section]ului and Defileul Jiului), thirteen natural parks (Portile de Fier--Iron Gates, Gradi[section]tea Muncelului-Cioclovina, the Tara Hategului dinosaur geo-park, the Mehedinti Plateau geo-park), etc.