He said the group was in the Retezat
Mountains, an area popular with hikers 350 kilometers (220 miles) northwest of Bucharest, the capital.
* three biosphere reserves: - Delta (1991), Retezat
(1979), Pietrosul Rodna (1979);
Out of this overall surface, 8% (which means 102,434 ha) is constituted by 827 scientific and natural reservations, as well as natural monuments, whilst the rest of 92% (of 1,132, 174.80 ha) is comprised by the eighteen existing nature and national parks, by the biosphere reservations in Retezat
Mountains and Pietrosul Rodnei (both declared by UNESCO in 1979) totalling a 552,174 ha (that is 45%), as well as the Biosphere Reservation Danube Delta the surface of which represents 47%, that is 580,000 ha.
Located along the Carpathian Mountains, Valea Jiului is the gate to the Retezat
National Park and to other Carpathian destinations, being surrounded by the Parang group and Retezat
Attempts were made to lure tourists to some of Romania's most scenic areas in the eclipse's path, including the Retezat
and Paring mountains in the southern Carpathians.
Degradation of these monuments and nature reserves exist in appreciable numbers in our country may be largely driven by uncontrolled economic activities, their damaging incalculable damage both from the scientific and economic opportunities by reducing their tourism recovery (Danube Delta, Retezat
National Park, caves monuments of nature reserves in the Bucegi Mountains, tails, gout etc.).
Within the three northern counties of Oltenia, there are 104 protected natural areas (National Spatial Plan, Section VI) (39 in Gorj, 34 in Mehedinti and 31 in Valcea), all of them with great potential for tourism, these include: national parks, (such as Retezat
); gorges, caves well equipped and open to tourists; phossiliferous points (5 such points only in Gorj county), karst springs (the Cerna and the Jales karst springs, both of them being protected by law); glacial relief forms, vegetation elements, etc.
Geo-electrical soundings reveal the existence of permafrost in rock glaciers from Retezat
Mountains, the depth of active layer, typical internal structure of periglacial deposits and the freezing regime of the sediments inside earth hummocks.
About 5.18% of the area of Romania has a protected status: three biosphere reserves (Danube Delta, Retezat
and Rodna), thirteen national parks (Domogled-Valea Cernei, Cheile Nerei-Beusnita, SemenicCheile Cara[section]ului and Defileul Jiului), thirteen natural parks (Portile de Fier--Iron Gates, Gradi[section]tea Muncelului-Cioclovina, the Tara Hategului dinosaur geo-park, the Mehedinti Plateau geo-park), etc.