ruminant

(redirected from Reticulum (stomach))
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Related to Reticulum (stomach): Reticulum constellation, reticular groove

ruminant,

any of a group of hooved mammals that chew their cud, i.e., that regurgitate and chew again food that has already been swallowed. Ruminants have an even number of toes on each foot and a stomach with either three or four chambers. In the first chamber, called the rumen, the food is mixed with fluid to form a soft mass, the cud, or bolus. The regurgitated cud, after having been slowly chewed, is swallowed again, and passes through the rumen into the other stomach chambers for further digestion. The group, a suborder of the mammalian order Artiodactyla, includes goats, sheep, cows, camels, and antelope.

ruminant

[′rü·mə·nənt]
(physiology)
Characterized by the act of regurgitation and rechewing of food.
(vertebrate zoology)
A mammal belonging to the Ruminantia.

ruminant

1. any artiodactyl mammal of the suborder Ruminantia, the members of which chew the cud and have a stomach of four compartments, one of which is the rumen. The group includes deer, antelopes, cattle, sheep, and goats
2. any other animal that chews the cud, such as a camel
3. of, relating to, or belonging to the suborder Ruminantia
4. (of members of this suborder and related animals, such as camels) chewing the cud; ruminating