Johann Reuchlin

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Reuchlin, Johann


Born Feb. 22, 1455, in Pforzheim; died June 30, 1522, in Bad Liebenzell. German humanist.

Reuchlin was an adviser to the Duke of Württemberg. He visited Italy several times and was close to the leaders of what became known as the Platonic Academy (Pico della Mirandola and others). During the last years of his life, he was a professor at the universities of Ingolstadt and Tübingen. Reuchlin was considered to be Germany’s greatest expert in ancient languages—Latin and especially Hebrew and ancient Greek.

In 1509, Reuchlin spoke out against the reactionary Catholic theologians of the University of Cologne, who were demanding the destruction of Hebrew religious books, which he regarded as a source for the study of Christianity. The Dominicans of the university brought about the trial of Reuchlin on a charge of heresy. The struggle that lasted for several years around the “case of the Hebrew books” has become known in history as the Reuchlin controversy. A landmark in the struggle of the humanists in defense of Reuchlin was the Letters of Obscure Men —one of the most brilliant satirical pamphlets of 16th-century pre-Reformation Germany. Reuchlin himself did not agree with the Reformation. He was the author of the satirical comedies Henno and Sergius.

References in periodicals archive ?
For the Epistolae Obscurorum Virorum see Holborn (vii), Mehl, and Overfield's chapter on "The Reuchlin Affair (247-97).
Figures including Martin Luther, Pico della Mirandola, John Dee, Johann Reuchlin, Cornelius Agrippa, and others 'skimmed' Kabbalah (taking the useful things and discarding everything else).
The opera has something to do with Jesus, the Kabbalah, Johannes Reuchlin (1455-1522), who opposed the burning of Hebrew books, and Mary Magdalene.
One of the most enthusiastic admirers of Pythagoras in the Renaissance was Johann Reuchlin, whose philosemitism earned him the nickname "Rabbi Capnion." His De arte calabistica "equated Kabbalah with Pythagoreanism" in a series of Ciceronian dialogues between a Jew, a Pythagorean, and a Muslim.
Buttiglione, Luigi, Philip Lane, Lucrezia Reuchlin and Vincent Reinhart.
(1) Other important Christian kabbalists include Giovanni Pico della Mirandola (1463-1494); Johannes Reuchlin (1455-1522); Athanasius Kircher (1601-1680); Franciscus Mercurius van Helmont (1614-1698).
Reuchlin (1992, quoted by Dafinoiu, 2002) considers that personality is a stable characteristic feature of a person, in relation to his way of reacting to the situations he is confronted with.
The preservation of Jewish religious books in sixteenth-century Germany: Johannes Reuchlin's Augenspiegel.
And there is [Johannes] Reuchlin who endangered his life to save the Talmud from burning at the order of Kaiser Maximilian I in the year 1510, the result of a campaign of incitement by the apostate Pfefferkorn ...