Revolutionary Committees

Revolutionary Committees

 

(Revkomy), temporary emergency bodies of Soviet power that operated primarily during the Civil War and Military Intervention of 1918–20. They were modeled on the revolutionary military committees that had been organized during the October Revolution of 1917. Most of the Revkomy were established in 1919.

Republic and krai Revkomy functioned as central bodies. They included the All-Ukraine Revkom, which operated from December 1919 to February 1920, the Revkom of the Byelorussian SSR (November 1918 to December 1920), the Azerbaijan Revkom (April 1920 to May 1921), the Armenian Revkom (November 1920 to May 1921), the Revkom of the Bashkir ASSR (March 1919 to July 1920), the Revkom for the Administration of the Kirghiz (Kazakh) Krai (July 1919 to October 1920), the Siberian Revkom (August 1919 to December 1925), the Revkom of Georgia (February 1921 to March 1922), and the Dagestan Revkom (April 1920 to December 1921). Revkomy were also established on the provincial, district, volost (small rural district), and village level. They exercised full civil and military power.

On Oct. 24, 1919, the All-Russian Central Executive Committee enacted a statute entitled On Revolutionary Committees, providing for the creation of Revkomy (1) in areas liberated from the enemy, (2) at the front, and (3) on the home front. The first type of Revkomy, composed of three to five persons, were created by the Revolutionary Military Council operating in a particular area held by the army; local governmental bodies participated in the organization of such revolutionary committees. The Revkomy were under the jurisdiction of the army’s Revolutionary Military Council and the central bodies of Soviet power. After arranging for elections to the soviets, they transferred their authority to the executive committees of the soviets.

The second type of Revkomy were organized in areas 25–50 km from the front line by the army’s Revolutionary Military Council, aided by the local provincial executive committee. When a particular Revkom was no longer necessary, the Revolutionary Military Council dissolved it, and power in the province or district passed to the executive committee.

The home-front provincial and district Revkomy were created by a decree of the Council of Workers’ and Peasants’ Defense. The provincial Revkomy were subordinate to the Revolutionary Military Council of the Republic, and the district Revkomy were supervised by the provincial Revkomy. When necessary, the provincial Revkomy created revolutionary committees in settlements and villages and at railroad junctions. The establishment of revolutionary committees on the home front did not mean that the executive committees of the soviets were abolished. The Revkomy dealt solely with matters relating to defense and the maintenance of revolutionary order. The Revkomy on the home front consisted of three to five members and included a chairman, a member of the executive committee of the soviet, and the local war commissar.

On Jan. 2, 1920, the Council of Workers’ and Peasants’ Defense resolved to abolish the provincial and district Revkomy. The Revkomy were to be retained only if exceptional circumstances demanded it. In 1920, Revkomy were functioning in Arkhangel’sk Province (February-April), the Volga German Region (February), Middle Asia, the Ukraine, the Kuban’, Byelorussia, Dagestan, and Azerbaijan. In Armenia and Georgia, where Soviet power triumphed decisively only in late 1920 and early 1921, Revkomy were established as late as 1921. The Siberian Revkom was still functioning in 1925.

REFERENCES

Revoliutsionnye komitety BSSR (noiabr’ 1918-iiun’ 1920): Sb. dokumentov i materialov. Minsk, 1961.
Sibirskii revoliutsionnyi komitet (Sibrevkom), Avgust 1919-dekabr’ 1925: Sb. dokumentov i materialov. Novosibirsk, 1959.
Revoliutsionnye komitety Gruzii v bor’be za ustanovlenie i uprochenie Sovetskoi vlasti (fevral’ 1921-marl 1922): Sb. dokumentov i materialov. Sukhumi, 1963.
Ivanova, Z. M. Revkomy v bor’be za uprochenie Sovetskoi vlasti v levoberezhnykh raionakh Moldavii v 1919-pervoipolovine 1921 gg. Kishinev, 1963.
Revoliutsionnye komitety Kabardino-Balkarii i ikh deiatel’nost po vosstanovleniiu i uprocheniiu Sovetskoi vlasti i organizatsii sotsialisticheskogo stroitel’stva, Dekabr’ 1919-iiul’ 1920: Sb. dokumentov i materialov. Nal’chik, 1968.
Revoliutsionnye komitety Terskoi oblasti v bor’be za vosstanovlenie i uprochenie Sovetskoi vlasti (oktiabr’ 1918-avgust 1920): Sb. dokumentov i materialov. Sukhumi, 1971.
Petrikov, P. T. Revkomy Belorussii. Minsk, 1975.
Potarykina, L. L. Revkomy Ukrainy v 1918–1920 rr. Kiev, 1957.
References in classic literature ?
A revolutionary tribunal in the capital, and forty or fifty thousand revolutionary committees all over the land; a law of the Suspected, which struck away all security for liberty or life, and delivered over any good and innocent person to any bad and guilty one; prisons gorged with people who had committed no offence, and could obtain no hearing; these things became the established order and nature of appointed things, and seemed to be ancient usage before they were many weeks old.
He added that the most important operation conducted by the revolutionary committees was cutting off the supply routes of the terrorists between Ta'iz and Yemen's Southern provinces.
Representatives of the neighborhood revolutionary committees often crash private parties to ensure that women are dressed appropriately (read: covered) and that there is no improper mixing of the sexes.
5): The Revolutionary Committee is the representative of the Revolution and from which the revolutionary committees branch in the governorates and districts across the country.
The 16-article constitutional declaration also entitles that the Houthi revolutionary committees to form a new government and 551-member national assembly to replace the resigned government and the dissolved parliament respectively.
The political factions have been given three days to come out with a solution that fill the vacuum; otherwise the revolutionary committees will handle the situation and the transition period," according to the conference's final communique.
Ismail, who addressed the opening session of the 8 th convention of the Revolutionary Committees Movement (RCM) on Saturday, said the 7+7 committee will meet on Sunday to prepare for the meeting of the dialogue national assembly with president Omer Hassan al-Bashir on the second of November.
Ismail addressing the inaugural sessionof the 8th General of the Revolutionary Committees, Saturday, at Martyr Al-Zubair Hall said the meeting of Mechanism 7+7 ,scheduled be held, tomorrow, Sunday, will review the issue of the National Dialogue and the preparations for the meeting of the Mechanism with the President of the Republic, Nov.
History and legendary myth tell the story of him crossing the country, winning Bulgarians for his cause and creating revolutionary committees in most of the places he visited.
Gadhafi used strong security services and paramilitary revolutionary committees to safeguard his rule, leaving state institutions dysfunctional and fragmented.
The conference was brutally interrupted by Gaddafi's revolutionary committees, who beat and arrested me together with other writers, accusing us of plotting to overthrow the government," recalls Omar.
Local NPA units, barrio revolutionary committees and local revolutionary mass organizations are busy preparing accommodations for thousands of people expected to join the anniversary celebration, the group said.

Full browser ?