Revolutionary Communists

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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Revolutionary Communists


(Party of Revolutionary Communists, PRC), a political party founded in September 1918 in Moscow by a group of Left Socialist Revolutionaries (Left SR’s) who broke with their party after the Left SR revolt in 1918, accepted Soviet power, and considered it necessary to work jointly with the RCP (Bolshevik). Among the leaders of the Revolutionary Communists were A. L. Kolegaev, M. A. Natanson, A. P. Novitskii, and A. M. Ustinov. In September 1918 the Revolutionary Communists began publishing the newspaper Volia Truda (The Will of Labor), which in December became the organ of the party’s Central Committee.

On a number of ideological questions the Revolutionary Communists held Narodnik (Populist) views. They believed, for example, that the building of socialism should be carried out under “the dictatorship of the working people and through the socialization of the means of production.” In their program, adopted in October 1919, and in their letter to the Central Committee of the RCP(B), the Revolutionary Communists emphasized that they would do everything possible to assist in the consolidation of Soviet power and would preserve a united front with the RCP(B) in the interest of the struggle for socialism.

Revolutionary Communist representatives took part in congresses of the Soviets and served on the All-Russian Central Executive Committee. Submitting to the decision of the Second Congress of the Communist International in 1920 that it was in admissible for two Communist parties to exist in one country, the Revolutionary Communists voted to join the RCP(B) at the Sixth Congress of the PRC in September 1920. At that time the PRC had approximately 2,000 members. On Oct. 4, 1920, the Central Committee of the RCP(B) passed a resolution entitled On the Entry of the Party of Revolutionary Communists Into the RCP. The PRC members joined the RCP(B) on terms worked out jointly by the Central Committee of the RCP(B) and the Central Politburo of the PRC.


Deviataia konferentsiia RKP(b), Sentiabr’ 1920 g.: Protokoly. Moscow, 1972.
Gusev, K. V., and Kh. A. Eritsian. Ot soglashalel’stva k kontrrevoliutsii. Moscow, 1968. Chapter 5.
The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
While the civil liberties of even accused revolutionary communists should be respected, one must pose the question: Does an alien have some constitutional right to remain in a country when he is openly intending to overthrow its government by force and violence?
Bernardine Dohrn and Bill Ayers, who, as revolutionary communists, incited riots and participated in terrorist bombings, are now respected academics and political operatives--even though their political philosophies haven't changed.
"The Revolutionary Communists are an anticuts party so it is natural that they report on us, anti-cuts group.
Students, hundreds of them, waving placards printed by the Socialist Workers or the Revolutionary Communists or Militant.
Here, oil barons, libertarians, Revolutionary Communists, anarchists, organized crime, human traffickers, and other unnameable conspirators have found sanctuary on the third coast.
"However, my lot weren't Revolutionary Communists. We came from the more anarchist side of things, and the Communists just rented it out to us.
Payne discusses the ideas of "revolutionary communists"; "revolutionary socialists"; "reform socialists"; "revolutionary anarchists"; "Leninists"; "Trotskyites"; "Kerenskyites"; and their many front groups, youth committees, liaison committees, and fellow travelers among the working and middle classes in Spain and elsewhere.
Reds" binary prevalent in historical scholarship on the Civil War and illuminate the role of Revolutionary Communists in the countryside.
Always indignant, always angry, it gives the impression the BBC is some kind of sinister organisation run by revolutionary Communists.
He was serving an 18-year jail sentence for membership in an outlawed leftist group, the Union of Revolutionary Communists of Turkey, and was hospitalised last month, according to the prisoners solidarity group Ozgur Tayad.
In the elections of October 1995 not only did the socialists oust the social democrats, but they in turn were made dependent on the votes of the revolutionary communists, who hold the balance of power with 8.6 per cent of the vote.
By frequently participating in VVAW's demonstrations, Kerry found himself marching alongside what the Boston Herald Traveler identified as "revolutionary Communists." While noting that known Reds had openly organized these events, the December 12, 1971 Herald Traveler reported the presence of an "abundance of Vietcong flags, clenched fists raised in the air, and placards plainly bearing legends in support of China, Cuba, the USSR, North Korea and the Hanoi government."

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