Reza Shah Pahlavi


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Related to Reza Shah Pahlavi: Ibn Saud, Mohammad Reza Pahlavi

Reza Shah Pahlavi

 

Born Mar. 16, 1878, in Mazandaran; died July 26, 1944, in Johannesburg, Republic of South Africa; buried in the town of Rey, near Tehran. Shah of Iran (1925–41). Founder of the Pahlavi Dynasty.

Reza Shah Pahlavi was the son of an officer, a petty landowner from Mazandaran. He began his military service in the lower ranks of the Persian cossack brigade. He commanded the cossack brigade that carried out the coup d’etat (Third Hut) on Feb. 21, 1921. From 1921 to 1923 he served as minister of war, and from October 1923 to the end of 1925, as prime minister. On Dec. 12, 1925, after the overthrow of the Qajar dynasty (Oct. 31, 1925), the Constituent Assembly proclaimed him shah of Iran.

In carrying out the centralization of the country, Reza Shah Pahlavi had to struggle against the separatism of the feudal khans. He introduced judicial, military, and educational reforms, along with measures to strengthen political sovereignty and to protect the state’s economic interests, for example, the abolition of the system of capitulations (1928) and the introduction of an autonomous customs system (1928). During the years of Reza Shah Pahlavi’s rule democratic organizations and the press were harshly persecuted. In the mid-1930’s fascist Germany began to penetrate Iran. After the entrance of Soviet and British troops into Iran in August 1941, Reza Shah Pahlavi abdicated in favor of his son, Muhammad Reza Pahlavi, and left Iran.

References in periodicals archive ?
Wahied Wahdat-Hagh, a Fellow at the European Foundation for Democracy, analyzed the numbers and told the Post, that "the numbers are better for Ahmadinejad than during the period of the Shah (Mohammad Reza Shah Pahlavi, who ruled Iran from 1941 to 1979).
Mansoureh Ettehadieh discusses the participation of women in the 1906 Constitutional Revolution and the faltering gains made during the reign of Reza Shah Pahlavi.
Japanese officials are planning to pay courtesy calls on Khatami, the first Iranian leader to visit Japan since Reza Shah Pahlavi in 1958.
That brisk 1953 covert operation, which reinstalled the young, uncertain Reza Shah Pahlavi on the Peacock Throne, marked the CIA's first paramilitary victory.
But the engraving--located on Broadway between Rector Street and Exchange Place--isn't for the prophet at all, it's for Mohammad Reza Shah Pahlavi.
and British embassies, "The Shah" traces the rise and fall of Mohammad Reza Shah Pahlavi, who died less than a year after his ouster.
Japanese officials, including International Trade and Industry Minister Takeo Hiranuma, are planning to pay courtesy calls on Khatami, the first Iranian leader to visit Japan since Iranian King Muhammad Reza Shah Pahlavi did so in 1958.
The now standard assessment of the twin sister of the late Mohammad Reza Shah Pahlavi, that she "was a close ally and staunch defender of her brother .
Khatami will be the first Iranian leader to visit Japan since Iranian King Muhammad Reza Shah Pahlavi did so in 1958.
Under Reza Shah Pahlavi, who abdicated after the Anglo-Soviet invasion in 1941, Iran constructed the nationwide railway thanks to a version of VAT on sugar and tea.
In that 2009 response, Khamenehi complained of Washington's support for Mohammad Reza Shah Pahlavi and for Saddam Hussein during the 1980-88 war--although the United States did not support the Iraqi dictator's aggression against Iran and actually sold Iran arms as part of what became known as the Iran-Contra scandal.