Rhaponticum Carthamoides


Also found in: Wikipedia.
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Rhaponticum Carthamoides

 

a perennial rhizomatous, herbaceous plant of the family Compositae. The stems are not ramose; the leaves are alternate, deeply pinnatisect with dentate lobes, and gossamer-pubescent or, more rarely, naked. The fruits are brownish ellipsoid achenes with a plumose pappus. Rhaponticum carthamoides is found primarily in Siberia (the Saians, the Altai, Kuznetsk Alatau), predominantly at altitudes of 1,700-2,000 m above sea level. It is cultivated as a medicinal plant. Its rhizome and roots contain inulin, essential oils, resins, salts of organic acids, and other substances. Preparations from this plant are recommended as stimulants of the central nervous system, increasing a person’s ability to work when experiencing mental and physical fatigue.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
Mentioned in ?
References in periodicals archive ?
WPM was the best growth medium for the transgenic roots of other plant species such as Rhaponticum carthamoides [21].
Rozalski et al., "Antioxidant and DNA repair stimulating effect of extracts from transformed and normal roots of Rhaponticum carthamoides against induced oxidative stress and DNA damage in CHO cells," Oxidative Medicine and Cellular Longevity, vol.
[alpha]-Amyrin, isolated from Rhaponticum carthamoides, has been shown to induce proliferation of human keratinocytes (HaCaT) by about 18% [160].
These monographs include old favourites such as dandelion, horsetail and Calendula, and the less familiar maral root (Rhaponticum carthamoides) and speedwell (Veronica spp).
Moreover, some of the ecdystero id-containing plants are included in the human diet and used in the traditional medicine as well (Spinacia oleracea (Bathori et al., 1982) or Rhaponticum carthamoides (Syrov and Kurmukov, 1976)).
Anabolic activity of phytoecdysone-ecdysterone isolated from Rhaponticum carthamoides (Willd.) lljin.
Toma et al., "Inhibition of human glioma cell proliferation by altered Bax/Bcl-2-p53 expression and apoptosis induction by Rhaponticum carthamoides extracts from transformed and normal roots," Journal of Pharmacy and Pharmacology, vol.
Wysokinska, "Rhaponticum carthamoides regeneration through direct and indirect organogenesis, molecular profiles and secondary metabolite production," Plant Cell, Tissue and Organ Culture, vol.
Rhaponticum carthamoides (Willd.) Iljin (Asteraceae) has been used for centuries in traditional Siberian medicine in the case of overstrain and weakness after illness [8].
As no description currently exists of the chemical composition of Rhaponticum carthamoides essential oil from hairy roots (HR), the aim of the present study was to determine this.
Rhaponticum carthamoides (Willd.) Iljin (Asteraceae) is a rare, endemic, herbaceous species naturally growing in the high-mountain areas of South Siberia, Central Asia, and China [7, 8].