Rhegium


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Rhegium

(rē`jēəm), ancient city, S Italy, on the Strait of Messina. It is the modern Reggio di CalabriaReggio di Calabria
, city (1991 pop. 177,580), capital of Reggio di Calabria prov., Calabria, extreme S Italy, on the Strait of Messina opposite Sicily. An impoverished area, it is a beach resort and an important agricultural market for fruits and tobacco.
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. Founded (c.720 B.C.) as a colony of Chalcis, many Messenians later settled there. It was powerful until its defeat and destruction (386 B.C.) by Dionysius the Elder of Syracuse. The Romans, who favored it, called the city Rhegium Julium. It is mentioned in Acts 28.13. The name is also spelled Regium.
References in periodicals archive ?
(10) Melville's editors note that "Reggio (the ancient Rhegium), across the straits, was a stopping place for Saint Paul on the way to Rome (Acts 28:13)" (Journals 453).
In 271 B.C., some three hundred men were summarily "scourged and beheaded" in the Forum Romanum as an admonition to Romans and an example to the world.(117) These troops had entered the city of Rhegium under pretense of liberating it from enemy Campanian troops.
But equally, Pseudo-Plutarch seems to be repeating a tradition which connected the counsellor specifically with the tragedian and which guessed that it was his dissatisfaction with this activity that led to his giving it up for a career in oratory--and although this time the statements are unequivocal, we should remember once more that Pseudo-Plutarch himself does not claim that his Antiphon wrote tragedies, Finally, Pseudo-Plutarch informs us that `there are those who ascribe also to Antiphon the book On Poets by Glaucus of Rhegium' ([Greek Text NOT REPRODUCIBLE IN ASCII]).
Lyric poet from the Greek colony of Rhegium in Italy, one of the nine lyric poets recognized by later Greek criticism.
In this period, Theagenes of Rhegium was known to have explained the Homeric gods in terms of moral and elemental allegories.
The Greek verb [alpha][lambda][lambda][eta][gamma][omicron][rho][epsilon][omega] acquired this second meaning when the moral taste of readers was offended by the improprieties of classic writings.(3) Since the practice has a motive we can speak without absurdity of its having been invented; yet Theagenes of Rhegium, to whom some Greeks ascribed this feat, may not have been a more substantial figure to our informants than to us.(4) We hear, and perhaps know, more of Pherecydes, a mythographer of the sixth century BC, who is said to have attempted a vindication of the most indecorous passages in Homer.
They reach land at Iapygia and Tarentum in South Italy before sailing down the coast of Italy to Rhegium (6.44).
Principal battles: Rhegium (Reggio di Calabria) (88); Mount Tifata (near Capua) (83); Faventia (Faenza) (82).
Or later, saying in some cases that the entire Greek population was slaughtered (Cumae, 421 B.C.),(1) in others that the entire elite was slaughtered (as happened during the capture of Rhegium by Campanian mercenaries in 275 B.C.),(2) and in yet others that the remainder of the Greek population was kept in a state of dire subjection (Paestum, 410 B.C.).(3) While not wishing to minimize the horrors of war, these lurid tales must be an over-simplification of the actual situation.
The treaty is much more likely to belong after the Messenian Revolt in 490(28) and before the mid 460s, when Micythos, the slave of the tyrant Anaxilas, and himself later regent of Rhegium, returned to the Peloponnese.