Rheme


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Rheme

 

in the theory of the actual division of a sentence, one of the two basic components of an utterance, contrasted to the theme. The rheme, or nucleus, contains the new information of the sentence and represents one of the sentence’s centers of meaning. In the sentence Zhenu on sebe vybral/khoroshuiu (“The wife he chose for himself was a good one”), the rheme is khoroshuiu (“a good one”). The rheme is distinguished by word order and intonation in Slavic and Germanic languages. In many languages there are either morphological means of distinguishing the rheme or special syntactic constructions, such as the French c’est.. qui/que construction. In Russian, the rheme is usually found at the end of a phrase. When word order is changed, the stress of the phrase shifts and falls on the rheme in an intensified form, as when Muzei/zakryt becomes Zakryt muzei (“The museum is closed”).

REFERENCES

Grammatika sovremennogo russkogo lit. iazyka. Moscow, 1970. (Section on word order.)
Raspopov, I. P. Aktual’noe chlenenie predlozheniia. Ufa, 1961.
Adamec, P. Poriadok slov v sovremennom russkom iazyke. Prague, 1966.
Prazhskii lingvisticheskii kruzhok. Moscow, 1967.

T. M. NIKOLAEVA

References in periodicals archive ?
The nucleus, the last item in the rheme of the first sentence, becomes the theme of the next sentence, in a type of zig-zag patterning (Humphrey & Droga, 2003).
In the example we can easily identify I as the theme or topic of conversation and in Rue Martel, Paris known as the complement or rheme of the topic.
Arabic has two types of sentences; a nominal sentence which starts with a noun namely a theme, and a rheme that reveals more about the theme follows; and a verbal sentence that starts with a verb that must have a subject.
1 or Cohen 2005b; in both la is described precisely--as a modal rheme marker, regardless of element order.
Readers need to be reassured that they are following the development of the text; therefore, the position of Theme and Rheme and the repetition of meanings is crucial in subsequent clauses.
Halliday,1976/8), because it sets up the Theme + Rheme structure in the form of an equation, where Theme = Rheme.
As such, the theme and the rheme perform different functions within the clause: the rheme "pushes the communication forward" (Firbas, 1964), while the theme [experiential] organises the text and "plays [a].
where I explicitly argue for distinguishing the notion of rheme, stemming from Prague School tradition from the notion of focus.
63) Very briefly, according to Prague linguists such as Mathesius and Firbas, the nature of interaction suggests that the usual, unmarked order of message segments is that of theme followed by rheme.
Assuming that in addition to the primary theme the rheme could include a secondary theme, Aleksandr Archipov claims that the comitative construction is characterized by joining NPs of different degrees of thematicity.
what the clause is about, what its starting point is) and the Rheme (i.