Rhinitis


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rhinitis

[rī′nīd·əs]
(medicine)
Inflammation of the mucous membranes in the nose.

Rhinitis

 

inflammation of the mucous membrane of the nose. It may be a self-contained disease or a symptom of acute catarrh of the upper respiratory tract, influenza, and other infectious diseases; it may also be the result of injury to a mucous membrane.

Acute rhinitis as a self-contained disease (the common cold) generally occurs in wet and cold weather. The causative agents are various microbes (streptococci, staphylococci, pneumococci) and viruses. The predisposing factors are general and local chilling and mechanical and chemical irritants. Acute rhinitis usually ends with recovery. Complications (diseases of the paranasal sinuses, inflammation of the middle ear) are comparatively rare. Treatment includes sudorific agents (tea with raspberries), acetylsalicylic acid or aminophenazone when there is fever, nose drops (1 percent menthol oil, 1–3 percent ephedrine solution) to facilitate nasal breathing, and revulsive agents (mustard plasters applied to the feet and hot leg baths). Prevention includes the building up of natural resistance from early childhood.

Chronic rhinitis results from the repeated recurrence of acute rhinitis. It is manifested by constant thick discharges from the nose, obstruction of nasal breathing, and a decreased sense of smell. Treatment includes physical therapy, lubrication of the nasal mucosa, and the use of nose drops. Prevention includes the elimination of the causes of recurrent acute rhinitis.

A particular form of rhinitis is allergic, or anaphylactic, rhinitis, which is an allergic reaction to dust and to pollen when certain plants are in bloom (for example, hay fever). The disease is characterized by intermittent attacks marked by itching in the nose, frequent sneezing, copious watery discharges, and nasal obstruction. Treatment includes the administration of antiallergic agents and the detection and elimination of the allergen.

L. V. NEIMAN

References in periodicals archive ?
Umar Farooq, Head of ENT Department at Dow University of Health Sciences said, 'Allergic Rhinitis or hay fever, happens when one breathes in something to which one is allergic, and the inside of the nose becomes inflamed and swollen.
Professor of ENT at Holy Family Hospital Dr Ahmed Hassan said: 'Allergic Rhinitis in adults and children has been shown to lead to substantial impairment of quality of life,' he added.
Conclusion: A commonly available lipid based ointment, petroleum jelly, is a safe and effective adjuvant therapy for allergic rhinitis.
The researchers found that children with existing food allergy were at increased risk of developing asthma and allergic rhinitis.
Allergic rhinitis, one of the rhinitis syndromes, is associated with a symptom complex characterised by paroxysms of sneezing, rhinorrhoea, nasal obstruction and itching of the eyes, nose and palate.
If the nose airway reacts to food, such as pineapples, mangoes or spicy food, that's called gustatory rhinitis.
Furthermore, serum IL-17 and eotaxin levels were negatively correlated with pulmonary function in asthmatic patients with allergic rhinitis, respectively.
The report provides a snapshot of the global therapeutic landscape of Allergic Rhinitis
ALK said the Phase II/III trial met its primary efficacy endpoint providing statistically significant improvement in the 'Total Combined Rhinitis Score' (TCRS) compared with patients who received placebo, demonstrating that the SLIT-tablet reduced symptoms of Japanese cedar pollen allergic rhinitis.
Allergic rhinitis symptoms can be classified by frequency and severity.
In contrast, sinonasal imaging should not be routine when patients first present with symptoms consistent with allergic rhinitis, and oral leukotriene receptor antagonists are not recommended as first-line therapy, said Dr.