Rhinopomamicrophyllum is the largest of the three Rhinopoma found in the Indian subcontinent with forearm length of 68.
Present study was planned to explore diversity of bats belonging to the genus Rhinopoma from Malakand division and to record their morphological features that help in species identification.
It is unfortunate that the low number of captures during our study prevented a comparison in the area with true hibernators such as horseshoe bats or Saharan species such as the lesser rat-tailed bat, Rhinopoma
cystops, or the Hemprich's desert bat, Otonycteris hemprichii.
Has 10 subtypes: Rhinopoma
Microphyllum (Greater Mouse- Tailed Bat), Rhinopoma
Hardwickii Gray (Lesser Mouse- Tailed Bat), Taphozous Melanopogan (Black- bearded Tom Bat) among others.
In present study, histological structure of the tongues in relation to diet was studied in Rhinopoma hardwickii as insectivorous bat.
Rhinopoma hardwickii or less mouse-tailed bats belong to Rhinopomatidae that are insectivore.
Over 3 weeks, 96 bats representing 7 species (Rhinopoma hardwickii, Rhinopoma microphyllum, Taphozous perforatus, Pipistrellus kuhlii, Eptesicus bottae, Eidolon helvum, and Rosettus aegyptiacus) were captured in mist nets and harp traps, then released after visual speciation and collection of morphometric measurements; wing punch biopsy samples; blood; throat swab samples; and rectal swab samples or fecal pellets.
Throat Fecal species Location bats swab pellets October 2012 Emballonuridae Taphozous perforatus Bisha ruins 29 29 (0) 25 (2) Pteropodidae Eidolon helvum Bisha town 25 25 (0) 25 (5) center Rousettus Bisha town 3 3 (0) 3 (0) aegyptiacus center Rhinopomatidae Rhinopoma Naqi and 36 36 (0) 35 (0) hardwickii Old Naqi Rh.
Apart from that, a bat Rhinopoma
hardwickii was found to roost in the caves of Shyed Basha Malai and Valli Malai, where the Golden Geckos were encountered.
First record of the lesser mouse-tailed bat Rhinopoma
hardwickii (Rhinopomatidae: Chiroptera) from southern Punjab Pakistan.
Rhinopomatidae [Rhinopoma hardwickei (Gray, 1831), Rhinopoma
muscatellum (Thomas, 1903)]
The lesser mouse-tailed bat Rhinopoma
hardwickii Gray, 1831 has not been recorded from Pakistan except from northern Punjab (Rohtas) and southern Sindh (Karachi, Landhi and Karchat Hills near Hyderabad).