was again performed, and nasal debris appeared reduced by approximately 75%.
observation, most patients' inferior turbinate swelled and appeared gray in color with excessive mucus secretion before the treatment.
A diagnosis of rhinolithiasis may be solely clinical, occurring after direct visualization by anterior rhinoscopy
or nasal endoscopy.
and endoscopic examination of the left side of nose indicated a prominent swelling of the mucous membrane of the nose without polypoid changes.
No foreign bodies were found on rhinoscopy
. I am curious whether bacterial and fungal cultures were performed.
In the process, the symptoms "edema," "secretion" and "redness" were evaluated on a 3-point scale (0 = no, 1 = mild, and 2 = severe), and the rhinoscopy
score (RS) was calculated thereafter from the data obtained.
more often detected mucosal swelling (57.0% vs 27.0%, p = 0.03), pallor or hyperemia with a slight bluish tint (72.0% vs 61, 0%, p = 0.05), mucosal hypertrophy of the nasal conchae (38.0% vs 17.0%, p = 0.04), mucus discharge (44.0% vs 19.0%, p = 0.02) in the study group children, compared to the control group.
ENT examination included external examination of the nose, anterior and posterior rhinoscopy
. Nasal patency was tested; throat and neck were examined.
with a rhinoscope was performed in all the subjects.
With the above-mentioned complaints she referred several times to the local polyclinic, where she was prescribed traditional anti-inflammatory therapy, based only on the results of anterior rhinoscopy
. There is no mention of posterior rhinoscopy
or other methods of examination in the abstract of medical records.
Linder-Aronson16 found a high level of correla-tion between the results of posterior rhinoscopy
and radiographic cephalometrics in the assessment of ad-enoid size and nasopharyngeal airway.
can be performed using a light or otoscope to inspect the anterior nasal cavity.