Rhinosporidiosis


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Related to Rhinosporidiosis: Rhinosporidium seeberi
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Rhinosporidiosis

 

a serious chronic mycosis in animals and man characterized by the formation of polypous growths on the mucosa of the nose, eyes, ears, larynx, and other organs. Rhinosporidiosis was first described in animals in 1892 in Argentina. The causative agent is the fungus Rhinosporidium seeberi.

Many researchers believe that rhinosporidiosis is a disease that affects fish, and that man and mammals are accidental hosts of the parasite. The fungus invades the organism with dust or water. Diagnosis is based on clinical symptoms and the results of laboratory tests. Treatment includes cauterization and the excision of the polyps. No specific preventive measures have been developed.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
A total number of 271 nasal masses were collected, in that 48 (18%) were diagnosed as rhinosporidiosis based on H and E staining which were characterised by presence of large, thick-walled spherical structures called 'sporangia' containing smaller 'sporangiospores' [Figure 1].
Rhinosporidiosis commonly causes single or multiple, sessile or pedunculated, papillomatous, polypoidal or compact masses within the nasal mucosa or, less frequently, the ocular mucosa.
A retrospective epidemiological study of rhinosporidiosis in a rural teritiary care centre in Pondicherry.
Nasal rhinosporidiosis in humans: New interpretations and a review of the literature of this enigmatic disease.
The etiologic agent of rhinosporidiosis, Rhinosporidium seeberi, is an enigmatic microbe that has been difficult to classify.
bleeding from Little's area, rhinosinusitis, DNS with spur, foreign body of nose, fibroangioma, traumatic injuries, hypertension, juvenile nasoangiofibroma, rhinosporidiosis, esthesioblastoma, carcinoma of nose and PNS, carcinoma nasopharynx, hereditary telangiectasia.
On comparing the age incidence of various nasal masses, we found Rhinosporidiosis and Antrochoanal polyp were observed mostly in 2nd decade of life (33.33%).
Rhinosporidiosis is endemic in South Asia and commonly presents as a "polyp" of the mucous membranes of the nasal cavity, nasopharynx, and palate.
The differential diagnosis of nasal tuberculosis includes other granulomatous diseases such as Wegener's granulomatosis, syphilis, rhinoscleroma, rhinosporidiosis, blastomycosis, histoplasmosis, and coccidioidomycosis.
Rhinoscleroma and rhinosporidiosis: pathology consultation.
He was diagnosed to have unilateral rhinosporidiosis.