, AC polyp, ethmoidal polyp are more common in males.
in humans: New interpretations and a review of the literature of this enigmatic disease.
Detection of 16S rRNA gene in round bodies isolated from polyps of rhinosporidiosis
commonly causes single or multiple, sessile or pedunculated, papillomatous, polypoidal or compact masses within the nasal mucosa or, less frequently, the ocular mucosa.
The etiologic agent of rhinosporidiosis
, Rhinosporidium seeberi, is an enigmatic microbe that has been difficult to classify.
of Patients Hypertension 22 Fracture nasal bone + maxilla 15 Deviated nasal septum 4 Rhinosporidiosis
2 Idiopathic 2 Rhinolith 1 Sinusitis 1 Malignant melanoma 1 Pleomorphic adenoma 1 Juvenile active ossifying fibroma 1 Fig.
Other tumours like Fibrous dysplasia, Rhinosporidiosis
, Salivary gland tumours, Pleomorphic adenoma, Angiomyxomatous polyp and Maxillary mucocoele are rarely encountered.
2) The spherules of the former resemble the sporangia of rhinosporidiosis
but are smaller (up to 60 [micro]m) and do not stain with mucicarmine.
The patient had been diagnosed with nasal rhinosporidiosis
12 years earlier, and she had undergone nasal surgery three times to treat recurrences.
Rhinoscleroma should be distinguished from tuberculosis, leprosy, syphilitic gumma, histoplasmosis, blastomycosis, paracoccidioidomycosis, rhinosporidiosis
, leishmaniasis, Wegener granulomatosis, T-cell/natural killer cell lymphomas, and carcinomas.
94%) each of rhinosporidiosis
and candida granuloma.
Classification of nasal granulomas Infectious Mycobacterial: Tuberculosis (human, bovine, or avian); atypical tuberculo- sis; leprosy Bacterial: Rhinoscleroma Treponemal: Syphilis; yaws Fungal: Mucormycosis; aspergillosis; blastomycosis; histoplasmosis; coccidiomycosis; rhinosporidiosis
Parasitic: Leishmaniasis Noninfectious Wegener's granulomatosis Sarcoidosis Inclusion granuloma (silicosis; berylliosis) Foreign-body retention Malignant Lethal midline granuloma Nonspecific