Rhys ap Gruffydd

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Rhys ap Gruffydd

(rēs äp grĭf`ĭth), 1132?–1197, ruler of South Wales and, after the death (1170) of Owain GwyneddOwain Gwynedd
, d. 1170, prince of North Wales (1137–70). During the troubled reign of King Stephen of England, Owain and other Welsh princes were able to reoccupy much territory earlier wrested from them by the Anglo-Normans.
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, leader of the Welsh princes. The failure (1165) of the English troops under Henry IIHenry II,
1133–89, king of England (1154–89), son of Matilda, queen of England, and Geoffrey IV, count of Anjou. He was the founder of the Angevin, or Plantagenet, line in England and one of the ablest and most remarkable of the English kings.
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 in Wales and Henry's later domestic troubles contributed to Rhys's power. In 1171 he signed a pact with Henry, and he helped the king suppress the rebellion of 1173–74. After Henry's death, however, Rhys revolted against the absent Richard I. The first recorded eisteddfodeisteddfod
[Welsh,=session], Welsh competitive festival. Contests traditionally are held in all the arts and crafts, with special emphasis on music and poetry. The National Eisteddfod is held annually for one week in August, alternately in the north and the south, but local
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 was held by Rhys in Cardigan in 1176.
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References in periodicals archive ?
YR ARGLWYDD RHYS Rhys ap Gruffudd neu'r Arglwydd Rhys oedd yr olaf o blith llywodraethwyr y Deheubarth I fwynhau gradd eang o b?
FOUNDED by Lord Rhys ap Gruffudd in 1180 AD, the precise location of Llanllyr nunnery in the tranquil Aeron Valley in West Wales has remained a mystery - until now.
Ar y dudalen flaen fe'i gwelir gyda'i lun o Rhys ap Gruffudd, neu'r Arglwydd Rhys Lluniau Robert Parry Jones
However, in West Wales the balance of power had started to swing back to the Welsh with the rise of the kingdom of Deheubarth under the powerful lordship of Prince Rhys ap Gruffudd, also known as The Lord Rhys.
Lord Rhys ap Gruffudd, great Welsh patron of the Abbey and founder of the first Eisteddfod would surely have approved.
Rhys ap Gruffudd, known to history as the Lord Rhys, was a Carmarthenshire-born prince who may be regarded as one, if not the most important, of the rulers of pre-conquest Wales.
95) includes Rhys ap Gruffudd, founder of the first National Eisteddfod at Cardigan in 1176 among accessible biographies of 18 men and three women - and their families - who ruled Wales from the ninth century Rhodri Mawr to the legendary Owain Glyndwr.
Another cadet line, descended from Gruffudd ab Ednyfed, included among its members Sir Gruffudd Llwyd and Sir Rhys ap Gruffudd (d 1356).
31 Rhys ap Gruffudd (The Lord Rhys) - medieval prince
Its principal patron was the Lord Rhys ap Gruffudd, the man who restored the ancient kingdom of Deheubarth in defiance of Henry II.