25., Establishment of the New Riau Archipelago
The Indonesian province of Kepulauan Riau (Riau Archipelago
), which consists of the islands directly south of Singapore and peninsular Malaysia, was created in 2004.
West Borneo forms the eastern side of a roughly triangular maritime crossroads, linking eastern Sumatra, Johore and the Riau Archipelago
on the west and northwest with Java on the south, a region comprising, in short, the central heartland of historical Indon-Malay civilization.
Following the popular Tropical Forest Expedition Leaders course run on behalf of the Expedition Advisory Centre earlier in the year, JET Asia will now run an Advanced Tropical Survival Course on the islands of the Riau Archipelago
off the east coast of Sumatra in November.
Bintan and Batam are located in the Riau archipelago
, less than an hour by ferry from Singapore.
The Temenggong had control over certain islands in the Riau archipelago
, Singapore, and the territory on the southern part of the Malay peninsula.
Within Asia, these include the Singapore Strait, Indonesian, Vietnamese, and Philippine waters, and to a lesser extent the whole of the South China Sea.(1) From 1990 to 1992, the most risky' of these areas was the Riau Archipelago
, that is, the waters around Singapore and the Indonesian islands to its south.
A $500 million petrochemical complex is to be constructed on Bintan island in Indonesia's Riau archipelago
. The plant, to be sited at Tanjung Urban under a joint venture with a foreign company, would provide raw materials for the plastic industry, using naphtha and liquefied petroleum gas as feedstock, some of which would be imported.
Until the arrival of Raffles, Singapore Island was in the sphere of influence of sea nomads, Orang laut, who based in the Riau Archipelago
. Chapter Eleven brings together the data on 'Temasik Neighbours: Southeast Asian Settlements' to put fourteenth century Singapore in a broader context of regional urban patterns (p.
Chou, however, argues that their concept of territorial rights is one in which a spiritual bond has developed between a particular fishing ground or region in the Riau Archipelago
and a specific individual or sub-community.
The Sumatran area is still referred to-albeit incorrectly from a historical point of view--as 'Riau', while the island area is 'Riau Kepulauan' or the Riau Archipelago
. Despite this recent political change, the region is still interlinked socially and economically, and this study will refer to the region as a whole.
The energies channelled through such clubs, or constellations of such clubs, have in the more remote past made Pulau Penyengat in the Riau archipelago
or Yogyakarta in the post-war period, centres of literary and political activity.