Rice, Condoleezza

Rice, Condoleezza,

1954–, U.S. government official and educator, b. Birmingham, Ala. A political scientist who has specialized in Russian and E European studies, Rice has been a professor at Stanford since 1981. From 1989 to 1991 she was an adviser on Soviet and E European affairs on President George H. W. Bush's National Security Council. Subsequently, she served (1993–99) as Stanford's provost. During the 2000 presidential campaign she was George W. BushBush, George Walker,
1946–, 43d President of the United States (2001–9), b. New Haven, Conn. The eldest son of President George H. W. Bush, he was was raised in Texas and, like his father, attended Phillips Academy in Andover, Mass., and Yale, graduating in 1968.
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's foreign policy adviser, and in 2001 she became President Bush's national security adviser—the first woman and second African American (after Colin PowellPowell, Colin Luther,
1937–, U.S. army general and government official, b. New York City, grad., City College (B.S., 1958); George Washington Univ. (M.A., 1969). The son of Jamaican immigrants, Powell was the first African American and the youngest person to chair
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) to hold the post. A member of the president's inner circle, she was an advocate of U.S. military power, a supporter of the Iraq invasion (see Persian Gulf WarsPersian Gulf Wars,
two conflicts involving Iraq and U.S.-led coalitions in the late 20th and early 21st cent.

The First Persian Gulf War, also known as the Gulf War, Jan.–Feb.
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), and a spokeswoman for the administration's assertive foreign policy. She served (2005–9) as secretary of state during Bush's second term, succeeding Colin Powell. Rice also headed (2017–18) the Commission on College Basketball, which recommended changes in NCAA regulations (but not player compensation) in the wake of an FBI investigation into corruption surrounding the sport and its players. Her books include The Gorbachev Era (1986, with A. Dallin), Germany Unified and Europe Transformed (1995, with P. Zelikow), and Democracy: Stories from the Long Road to Freedom (2017).


See her memoirs (2010); biographies by A. Felix (2002), M. Mabry (2007), and E. Bumiller (2008); J. Mann, Rise of the Vulcans: The History of Bush's War Cabinet (2004); G. Kessler, The Confidante (2007).

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References in periodicals archive ?
5Q * 4P * M * J Rice, Condoleezza. Condoleezza Rice: A Memoir of My Extraordinary, Ordinary Family and Me.
RAIN FORESTS GeoSkills: What Hope for the Forests?, Apl0-10 Paradise Found (with map), Mr27-6 South America's Vanishing Rain Forest, Apl0-8 RATZINGER, JOSEPH (see POPE, THE) REHNQUIST, WILLIAM End of an Era, 03-6 A New Era for the Court, Mr6-4 Supreme Court Ins and Outs, D12-5 RELIGION (see also CHRISTIANITY) Bibles in Schools?, Ap24-4 GeoSkills: Religions of the World, D12-22 New Pope, D12-6 Top Religions, 2004, 017&24-34 RESPECT It's Cool to Have Class, S5-6 RICE, CONDOLEEZZA Spying on Americans, Ja23-4 ROBERTS JR., JOHN G.