Ricercar

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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Ricercar

 

in Western European music of the 16th and 17th centuries, a type of polyphonic, imitative composition. It is akin to the fantasia and is a forerunner of the fugue. The term (from Italian ricercare[“to seek out”]) is connected with the interpretation of the imitation as the “finding” of one and the same theme by various voices. The ricercar arose in Italy in lute music; later, ricercars for organ became popular (C. Merulo, A. Willaert, A. Gabrieli, and G. Frescobaldi). In the 17th and 18th centuries, the ricercar was developed mainly by German composers (J. Froberger, D. Buxtehude, and J. S. Bach).

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
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The discussion also includes a range of printed sources such as the 1507 Ottaviano Petrucci print of Francesco Spinacino's lute tablature and Claudio Merulo's Ricercari d'intavolatura d'organo (1567).
"Madrigali del Passerini e ricercari di De Macque e Gesualdo", in Testimonianze, studi e ricerche in onore di Guido M.
* The first violin part, ricercari, accompaniment to the songs, "Violino primo", printed in 1653, Regional Museum in Slany.
4," Castelnuovo's "Charlie" from Two Film Studies, and Casella's "Due Ricercari sul nome B-A-C-H" are more extended and more difficult.
Unfortunately for Gian Francesco Malipiero's 1925 Ricercari per undici istrumenti, the dark and quizzical character of this re-worked early Italian material tends to sound sour after the Stravinsky, not helped by some inaccurate violin playing to open.
Mischiati, 'Il manoscritto corsiniano dei Ricercari di Giovanni Pierluigi da Palestrina', Atti del II convegno internazionale di studi palestriniani, pp.177--201.
Paul Brunold; Annibale Padovano, 13 Ricercari for Organ, limited edition (300 copies), ed.
Ercole Pasquini, Toccate, Canzoni, Ricercari. Edited by Paul Kenyon (Monumenti musicali italiani, vol.
His Tre ricercari, and especially the intimate String Quartet No.