Richard Zsigmondy

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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Zsigmondy, Richard


Born Apr. 1, 1865, in Vienna; died Sept. 23, 1929, in Gottingen. Austrian scientist in the field of colloid chemistry. Graduated from the Technische Hochschule in Vienna in 1887 and from the University of Munich (1889). In 1908 he became a professor at the University of Göttingen. In 1898 he began working on the methodology of preparation of colloidal solutions and their ultra-filtration. In 1903, in collaboration with R. Siedentopf, he invented a slit ultramicroscope and, in 1913, the so-called immersion ultramicroscope. He proposed a classification of colloidal particles. Using ultramicroscopy and other methods that he developed, Zsigmondy made numerous studies of the Brownian movement of colloidal particles, coagulation, and other processes. He was awarded the Nobel Prize in 1925.


Zur Erkenntnis der Kolloide. Jena, 1919.
Das kolloide Gold. Leipzig, 1925. (With P. A. Thiessen.)
In Russian translation:
Kolloidnaia khimiia, 2nd ed. Kharkov-Kiev, 1933.
The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
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The Austrian-born German chemist Richard Adolf Zsigmondy (1865-1929) took advantage of this scattering of light by colloidal particles in 1902.