Richard Arkwright


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Richard Arkwright
Birthday
BirthplacePreston, Lancashire, England
Died
NationalityEnglish
Occupation
Inventor, pioneer of the spinning industry
EducationTaught to read and write by his cousin Ellen Arkwright
Known for inventing the factory Spinning frame. Water frame. Carding engine
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Arkwright, Richard

 

Born 1732; died 1792. English entrepreneur in the textile industry.

Formerly a barber, Arkwright began inventing in 1767. He appropriated a mechanical spinning frame invented by the English mechanic T. Highs (or Hayes) and received a patent on it in 1769. He developed a system of enterprises and constructed the first spinning factories in Britain which were equipped with water-powered engines (water frames). Subsequently he introduced into the spinning industry a number of improvements directed at the mechanization of the spinning process.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
IN 1771, Sir Richard Arkwright harnessed the energy created by the geology and geography of the Derwent Valley in Derbyshire to build the world's first water-powered cotton spinning mill.
| 1733: John Kay, Richard Arkwright's assistant, patented the Flying Shuttle to operate on Arkwright's spinning frame.
www.derbymuseums.org DERWENT VALLEY MILLS Various venues Derbyshire This Unesco world heritage site comprises a number of fascinating venues in Belper, Cromford, Derby and the beautiful Derwent Valley, where textile giants Sir Richard Arkwright and Jedediah Strutt built the first modern factories and kicked off the Industrial Revolution.
Using a loan from inventor Richard Arkwright in 1784, Oldknow set about building cotton mills in Stockport and at Mellor, which at the time was the largest cotton spinning mill in the world.
A Sir Richard Arkwright B Arthur Young C Isambard Kingdom Brunel D Sir Christopher Wren 8.
Among leading British inventors are James Watt, Isambard Kingdom Brunel, Richard Arkwright, Michael Faraday, Robert Stephenson, George Stephenson, Richard Trevithick, Andrew Vivian, Joseph Swan, Alexander Graham Bell, John Logie Baird, Frank Whittle, Alan Turing and Tim Berners-Lee.
This was a characteristic aspect of his enquiring and original mind, a mind almost as much scientific and what is now called "technological" as it was artistic.' Shipp was surely right to emphasise the advantage enjoyed by Wright in coming from a region of England where rapid industrial development was under way and where he came to know many of those responsible for its rapid advance, not least both Josiah Wedgwood and Richard Arkwright. As Shipp commented of the artist, his genius sprung 'from the chances of time and place ...
Samuel Slater, 21, just arrived in New York from Great Britain, had been working in the textile factory of Richard Arkwright, inventor of a spinning frame that had transformed textile manufacture in Britain.
The other members of the Society were Josiah Wedgwood, founder of the world-famous ceramics factory; John Whitehurst, a geologist; James Watt; and Richard Arkwright (1732-1792), a textile manufacturer (5).
The contrasts between Sir Richard Arkwright and his son (also Richard) provide an interesting basis from which to contemplate the late Mr.
Quiz of the Day ANSWERS: 1 Zulu; 2 Salt; 3 An otter; 4 Edward Elgar; 5 Hannibal; 6 Samuel Pepys; 7 Richard Arkwright; 8 Lawn Tennis Association; 9 After another person has sneezed; 10 The Golden Jubilee of Elizabeth II.