Richard Brinsley Sheridan


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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Sheridan, Richard Brinsley

 

Born Oct. 30, 1751, in Dublin; died July 7, 1816, in London. Anglo-Irish dramatist, theatrical and public figure.

Sheridan was educated in the law. From 1780 to 1812 he was a member of Parliament and the leader of the radical wing of the Whigs. From 1776 to 1809 he was the manager of the Drury Lane Theatre. In his comedy The Rivals (1775), Sheridan followed the example of O. Goldsmith in opposing sentimentality and obvious edification. His The School for Scandal (staged 1777, published 1780) is a satirical comedy of manners in which Sheridan called in question the Enlightenment thesis of moral reason, which he saw as compromised by bourgeois reality. The traditions of English Restoration comedy, as seen in the plays of W. Congreve and G. Farquhar, were enriched in Sheridan’s works by the influence of the novels of H. Fielding and other representatives of the Enlightenment. Sheridan also wrote the comedies A Trip to Scarborough (1777) and The Critic (1779) and the tragedy Pizarro (1799, an adaptation of A. F. F. von Kotzebue’s drama Die Spanier in Peru).

WORKS

The Plays and Poems, vols. 1–3. New York, 1962.
The Letters, vols. 1–3. Oxford, 1966.
The Speeches, vols. 1–3. New York, 1969.
In Russian translation:
Dramaticheskie proizvedeniia. Moscow, 1956.

REFERENCES

Istoriia angtiiskoi literatury, vol. 1, fasc. 2. Moscow-Leningrad, 1945.
Marshova, N. R. B. Sheridan. Leningrad-Moscow, 1960.
Gibbs, L. Sheridan. London [1947].
The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
(11) James Morwood, The Life and Works of Richard Brinsley Sheridan (Edinburgh: Scottish Academic Press, 1985), 76, 79.
Playwright Richard Brinsley Sheridan (1751-1816) is the focus of this book discussing his impact on the theatrical and political life of Great Britain.
He also played dark strangers, some of whom were villains: Zanga the Moor in Edward Young's The Revenge, Rolla the heroic Peruvian army commander in Richard Brinsley Sheridan's Pizarro, and Hassan the vengeful Moor in Monk Lewis's gothic thriller The Castle Spectre.
John Gay's The Beggar's Opera (1728), Henry Fielding's Tom Thumb (1730), Richard Brinsley Sheridan's The Critic (1779), and Henry Carey's "most tragical tragedy" Chrononhotonthologos (1734) are the outstanding survivals from an age when burlesque was cruelly satirical and often defamatory.
Lewis Hallam, Jr.'s, American Company, performing in New York City, gave seven performances of Richard Brinsley Sheridan's The School for Scandal (1777) and 18 of John O'Keefe's The Poor Soldier.
His group of friends, called simply the Club or the Literary Club, was an exclusive assemblage of the most important writers and thinkers of his era: the poet Oliver Goldsmith, the philosopher and lawyer Sir Edmund Burke, the painter Sir Joshua Reynolds, the actor and theater manager David Garrick, the playwright Richard Brinsley Sheridan, and others.
(1775) A comedy by Richard Brinsley Sheridan. Though less well known in name, this play is considered by some to be better than The School for Scandal.
As writing about the theatre is often skewed by the demands of publicity and the star system, it is easy to forget that Drury Lane's management was not a line from Garrick to Druriolanus Harris which was punctuated only by the well-known figures of Richard Brinsley Sheridan, John Philip Kemble, and William Charles Macready.
Richard Brinsley Sheridan's "The Critic" imagines a day in the life of Mr.
1751: Leading playwright Richard Brinsley Sheridan, best remembered for The Rivals and The School For Scandal, was born in Dublin.