Richard Hakluyt


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Hakluyt, Richard

(hăk`lo͞ot, hăk`əlwĭt), 1552?–1616, English geographer. He graduated in 1574 from Oxford, where he later lectured on geography. A passionate interest in the history of discovery led him to collect and publish narratives of voyages and travels. He was active in promoting English discovery and colonization, especially in North America. His chief work, called by J. A. Froude "the prose epic of the English nation," is The Principal Navigations, Voyages, Traffics, and Discoveries of the English Nation (3 vol., 1598–1600), an enlargement of a one-volume version (1589). Other publications include Divers Voyages touching the Discovery of America and the Islands Adjacent (1582) and an account of the discoveries of Hernando De Soto under the title Virginia Richly Valued (1609). Manuscripts left at his death were included by Samuel Purchas in his Pilgrims (4 folios, 1625); others are preserved at the Bodleian Library, Oxford. The publication of narratives of early explorations has been continued by the Hakluyt Society, founded in 1846.

Bibliography

See The Original Writings and Correspondence of the Two Richard Hakluyts (1935, repr. 1967).

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Hakluyt, Richard

(c. 1552–1616) English geographer and publisher of eyewitness accounts of more than 200 voyages of exploration. [Br. Hist.: EB, 8: 553–554]
See: Journey
Allusions—Cultural, Literary, Biblical, and Historical: A Thematic Dictionary. Copyright 2008 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
"Portugal and the Making of the English Empire: The Case of Richard Hakluyt the Younger." Literatura de viagens: narrativa - historia - mito.
(5) Richard Hakluyt, The Principal Navigations, Voyages, Traffiques and Discoveries of the English Nation made by Sea or Over-Land, to the Remote and Farthest Distant Quarters of the Earth, at any time within the Compasse of these 1600.
Among the topics are the heirlooms and burdens of Marina Warner, scenes of trauma in the theater of human rights, travels between the lines of Shakespeare's The Tempest, and Dickens' A Christmas Carol, discourses of power in Richard Hakluyt's Principal Navigations, and memory and forgetfulness in the recent Booker novels.
A more running text, though still in obsolete spelling, is The Principal Navigations, Voyages, Traffiques and Discoveries of the English Nation (1589-1600) by Richard Hakluyt. Volume VIII of this work contains a 936-letter I-lipogram.
"English Protestants," writes Preston, "saw themselves as a chosen people destined to preserve their liberties by cultivating a new England overseas." Richard Hakluyt, who Preston calls "England's leading intellectual architect of colonial expansion," combined geopolitics with spirituality in promoting overseas expansion of territory and faith.
Richard Hakluyt and travel writing in early modern Europe.
Exploring the 1599 English rendition against the Latin original also printed by Richard Hakluyt in his Principal Navigations, Voyages, Traffiques and Discoveries of the English Nation would demonstrate, for instance, the many ways in which Odoric's world of mirabilia had to be adapted linguistically to different sensibilities (see also Popeanga; Andreose and Menard).
Nevertheless, the tale of the imperial progress of the Tudors and Stuarts, from sceptical origins despite the success of early voyagers to the Americas, underfunding, and the production of Richard Hakluyt's vast paper empire, to the rapid and somewhat surprising success of the seventeenth century that catapulted a relatively crude and uncultured nation on the margins of Europe to the brink of world domination, does make a good story.
A promotional document written by Richard Hakluyt the younger for Gilbert's half-brother Walter Ralegh borrowed various ideas from Gilbert too.
The idea that darkness of skin is evidence of God's curse on Africans is traced to the humanist Guillaume Postel and mediated through George Best, Richard Hakluyt, Samuel Bochart, and eventually Edward Leigh's influential Critica sacra (1641).
Richard Hakluyt, The Principall Nauigations, 3 vols.