Richard Josef Neutra

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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Neutra, Richard Josef


Born Apr. 8, 1892, in Vienna; died Apr. 16, 1970, in Wuppertal, Federal Republic of Germany. American architect.

Neutra graduated from the Technische Hochschule in Vienna in 1917. He also studied at the Technische Hochschule in Zürich from 1918 to 1923. Neutra worked in association with E. Mendelsohn in Berlin in 1921 and 1922. In the following year he moved to the United States, where he worked with F. L. Wright from 1923 to 1925. In 1925 he set up an architectural practice in California.

Neutra combined and popularized the principles of European functionalism and American organic architecture, assigning particular importance to the relationship of a structure with its environment. The buildings he designed have open spatial arrangements and are made from reinforced concrete, glass, and steel frames. Neutra was the architect for the Jardinette Apartments (1927), the Lowell Health House (1927–29), the building of the Northwestern Mutual Life Insurance Company in Los Angeles (1952), the Kaufmann desert home in Palm Springs (1946–47), pavilion-type schools (for example, the school on Bell Avenue in Los Angeles, 1935), and housing developments with full traffic segregation (Channel Heights, San Pedro, 1942–44).


Survival Through Design. New York, 1954.
Life and Human Habitat. New York-Stuttgart, 1956.


Zevi, B. Richard Neutra. Milan, 1954.
The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
Richard Neutra's legacy of modernist architecture, marveled throughout southern California, has a quieter history in San Francisco.
The city's triumph also manifested in extraordinary architecture: Commissions by international luminaries such as Gio Ponti, Richard Neutra, Roberto Burle Marx, and Oscar Niemeyer dotted the country, while Venezuelan architects erected touchstones of the country's modernism, including the seminal Ciudad Universitaria by Carlos Raul Villanueva, Cipriano Dominguez's multiuse Centra Simon Bolivar, and the exceptional Hotel Humboldt by Tomas Jose Sanabria.
Both reflective and immediate, Campbell's story describes his path from small-town preacher's son to bicoastal designer, architect, and philanthropist, spotlighting residential projects across the world, including the restoration of Richard Neutra's Singleton House in Los Angeles.
Those who have followed Steiner include artists Piet Mondrian, Wassily Kandinsky and architect Richard Neutra; they believed that the arts could make indefinable, spiritual laws comprehensible to the senses.
After two months living in a hotel in Hollywood, they moved into an apartment block in west Los Angeles designed by Richard Neutra, the city's most celebrated modernist architect; the building's other inhabitants included Orson Welles, Luise Rainer, and Clifford Odets.
Architectural projects range from high-end residential architecture for clients such as Tom Ford, Larry Gagosian, Anthony Kiedis, Steven Meisel, and Demi Moore, to community-related civic buildings, as well as award-winning historic restorations such as Richard Neutra's Kaufmann House in Palm Springs.
When a wolfish developer thereafter filed an application with the city to dirty his wrecking ball with lauded modernist architect Richard Neutra's Kronish House (listed by real estate firm Hilton & Hyland as a teardown), the public outcry in Beverly Hills was so loud it got the attention of preservationists, including Richard Neutra's son, Dion Neutra, and the Los Angeles Conservancy.
The show presents the work of well-known designers and architects, including George Nelson, Richard Neutra, Marcel Breuer and Henry Dreyfuss (the industrial designer who created that round FIon-eywell thermostat and the Princess phone), alongside that of lesser-known, but equally important, figures such as graphic designer Alex Steinweiss and textile artist Ruth Adler Schnee.
"I explained that we had both worked on modern houses -- a William Wurster, a Richard Neutra, a Joseph Esherick -- and that we used to live in an Eichler house,'' he said.