Richard Josef Neutra

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Neutra, Richard Josef

 

Born Apr. 8, 1892, in Vienna; died Apr. 16, 1970, in Wuppertal, Federal Republic of Germany. American architect.

Neutra graduated from the Technische Hochschule in Vienna in 1917. He also studied at the Technische Hochschule in Zürich from 1918 to 1923. Neutra worked in association with E. Mendelsohn in Berlin in 1921 and 1922. In the following year he moved to the United States, where he worked with F. L. Wright from 1923 to 1925. In 1925 he set up an architectural practice in California.

Neutra combined and popularized the principles of European functionalism and American organic architecture, assigning particular importance to the relationship of a structure with its environment. The buildings he designed have open spatial arrangements and are made from reinforced concrete, glass, and steel frames. Neutra was the architect for the Jardinette Apartments (1927), the Lowell Health House (1927–29), the building of the Northwestern Mutual Life Insurance Company in Los Angeles (1952), the Kaufmann desert home in Palm Springs (1946–47), pavilion-type schools (for example, the school on Bell Avenue in Los Angeles, 1935), and housing developments with full traffic segregation (Channel Heights, San Pedro, 1942–44).

WORKS

Survival Through Design. New York, 1954.
Life and Human Habitat. New York-Stuttgart, 1956.

REFERENCE

Zevi, B. Richard Neutra. Milan, 1954.
References in periodicals archive ?
The 12-story, LEED-certified tower will comprise 59 custom for-sale homes with interiors inspired by California Modern master Richard Neutra.
The show presents the work of well-known designers and architects, including George Nelson, Richard Neutra, Marcel Breuer and Henry Dreyfuss (the industrial designer who created that round FIon-eywell thermostat and the Princess phone), alongside that of lesser-known, but equally important, figures such as graphic designer Alex Steinweiss and textile artist Ruth Adler Schnee.
I explained that we had both worked on modern houses -- a William Wurster, a Richard Neutra, a Joseph Esherick -- and that we used to live in an Eichler house,'' he said.
In/Formed by the Land was certainly in good company On one side was a volume of the complete works of Richard Neutra and on the other was a hefty tome about Albert Speer, Hitler's favorite architect and the guy who designed the "look" of the Third Reich.
The book is organized by architect, including Frank Lloyd Wright, Richard Neutra, Mies van der Rohe, Phillip Johnson, and I.
Between the "playfield of the devil," as Richard Neutra called it, and the "hyperurban configuration" described by Fredric Jameson?
Somewhere in there, we have channeled the greats like Richard Neutra and John Lautner to evoke 1950s and 1960s- style comfort and accessibility.
In any case, as much as Lari and Roy want to emphasise the natural beauty of their land, the Serulnic House is of significant cultural importance as well, having been designed by Richard Neutra (1892-1970), a Viennese emigre who settled in America in 1923 and played a key role in bringing Modernism and the International style of architecture to his adopted homeland.
Because of his abilities and his sterling reputation, Bertram has also been entrusted with the restoration of four Richard Neutra homes, the mid-century modernist architect whose work in the Los Angeles area has become highly sought after in recent years.
Donna Goodman longs to see her 1960s Stone-Fisher platform house designed by Richard Neutra featured in the pages of Architectural Digest.
Among the key Modernist figures featured are artists Piet Mondrian, Fernand Leger, Paul Klee, Pablo Picasso, Man Ray, Alexander Rodchenko, Wassily Kandinsky, Laszlo Moholy-Nagy, Charles Sheeler, and Stuart Davis; architects and designers Ludwig Mies van der Rohe, Le Corbusier, Frank Lloyd Wright, Walter Gropius and Richard Neutra, Marcel Breuer, Gerrit Rietveld, Marianne Brandt and Alvar Aalto.
Names such as Richard Neutra, Rudolph Schindler, and Joseph Eichler evoke distinctive feelings for the contemporary minded.