Richard Parker


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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Parker, Richard

 

Born Apr. 24, 1767, in Exeter; died June 30, 1797, in London. English sailor; leader of the 1797 mutiny in the British Navy at the ports of the Nore and Sheerness.

In March 1797, Parker, a schoolteacher, signed on as a sailor on the ship Sandwich, where he became chairman of the delegates’ committee that headed the May 12 mutiny. The mutiny was caused by a decrease in pay and by oppressive conditions of service. The ideas of the French Revolution, which were then circulating among progressive sailors, were also a contributing cause. The rebel fleet blockaded the mouth of the Thames. On June 1, a squadron arriving from Yarmouth joined the rebels. On June 9, Parker ordered the fleet to put to sea, but a group of officers arrested him. After sentencing by a court-martial, Parker and 30 other mutineers were hanged.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
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