Richard Wright

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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Wright, Richard

 

Born Sept. 4, 1908, in Natchez, Miss.; died Nov. 29, 1960, in Paris. American writer.

The son of a poor Negro, Wright received his elementary education in orphanages. In the 1930’s he was a member of the Communist Party of the United States. Beginning in 1946, he lived in Paris. Wright won international acclaim for his novel Native Son (1940; Russian translation, 1941), which depicts the fate of a young Negro, doomed to a life of spiritual degradation and crime and to destruction. Wright’s works expose racism and are permeated with hate for the bourgeois system, which cripples the human personality. These traits are particularly evident in the novella The Outsider (1953) and in the novels The Long Dream (1958) and Lawd Today (1963).

WORKS

Black Boy. New York, 1945.
White Man, Listen! Garden City, N.Y., 1957.
In Russian translation:
Detidiadi Toma. Moscow, 1939.
Rasskazy. Moscow, 1962.

REFERENCES

Mendel’son, M. Sovremennyi amerikanskii roman. Moscow, 1964.
Webb. C. R. Wright: A Biography. New York [1968].
The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.