Richard von Mises


Also found in: Wikipedia.

Mises, Richard von

 

Born Apr. 19, 1883, in L’vov; died July 14, 1953, in Boston. German mathematician; specialist in mechanics.

Mises graduated from the University of Vienna in 1905. From 1909 to 1918 he was a professor at the University of Strasbourg, and from 1920 to 1933 at the University of Berlin, where he also founded and became director of the Institute of Applied Mathematics. In 1933, Mises emigrated from fascist Germany and from 1933 to 1939 was a professor at the University of Istanbul in Turkey. Beginning in 1939 he was a professor at Harvard University. His principal works dealt with probability theory, aeromechanics, and applied mechanics. Mises introduced into general use in probability theory the Stieltjes integral and was the first to explain in detail the importance of the theory of Markov chains for physics.

WORKS

Vorlesungen aus dem Gebiete der angewandten Mathematik, vol. 1: Wahrscheinlichkeitsrechnung und ihre Anwendung in derStatistik und theoretischen Physik. Leipzig-Vienna, 1931.
In Russian translation:
Veroiatnost’ i statistika. Moscow-Leningrad, 1930.
Differential’nye i integral’nye uravneniia matematicheskoi fiziki. Leningrad-Moscow, 1937. (With P. Frank.)
Teoriia poleta. Moscow, 1949.
Matematicheskaia teoriia techenii szhimaemoi zhidkosti. Moscow, 1961.
References in periodicals archive ?
The relative frequency method for generating numerical probabilities, popularized primarily by Richard von Mises, involves grouping relevantly similar events into "classes" or "collectives" for which relative frequencies of occurrence can be calculated.
This means that indeterminists like Richard von Mises, the famous proponent of the relative frequency method, are inconsistent in the extreme.
We do not, for example, have to become radical indeterminists like Richard von Mises if we choose to adopt a subjective definition for probability.
(8) For an overview of the relative frequency method for generating probabilities, see in particular Richard von Mises, Probability, Statistics and Truth, (New York: Dover, 1981), and Roy Weatherford, op.
By this I do not mean that the methodological views of the venerable economist Ludwig von Mises are more interesting than the positivistic views of his deceased brother, Richard von Mises, the distinguished physicist and mathematician.
Shortly before emigrating to Turkey, on 10 June 1933, an eminent mathematician and applied scientist, Richard von Mises, wrote to the great Hungarian aerodynamicist Theodore von Karman, who had emigrated to the United States and founded the Institute of Aeronautical Sciences in California, about a young German, Walter Tollmien, who was looking for a position,
I would appreciate it if you would send all subsequent correspondence also to this address and not to Berlin." (71) Both Hilda Geiringer and Richard von Mises were saved by accepting the Turkish government's invitations.
Included among those granted honorary degrees over the years from Istanbul University's Academic Senate are Fritz Neumark, Fritz Arndt, Richard von Mises, Curt Kosswig, Felix Haurowitz, and Gustav Oelsner.
Thus, in 1938, Harvard offered a position to mathematician Richard von Mises, who had converted to Catholicism as a young man and who was living in Turkey at the time.
Note further that, while Ludwig von Mises' view resembles the relative frequency theory for which his brother Richard von Mises (1957) is known, there is no reason to think that their views were identical.
IN SEVERAL ARTICLES Crovelli (2009, 2010, 2011) has criticized the objective theory of probability of Richard von Mises (1981), and has presented a case for defining probability subjectively.
The theory of Richard von Mises (1981) can therefore be regarded as objective in the metaphysical sense.