Thyroiditis

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thyroiditis

[‚thī‚rȯi′dīd·əs]
(medicine)
Inflammation of the thyroid gland.

Thyroiditis

 

inflammation of the thyroid gland caused by nonspecific infection (for example, staphylococcosis), specific infection (tuberculosis), poisoning (by lead or carbon monoxide), or autoimmune diseases. Symptoms include pain upon swallowing or moving the head backward, throbbing pain in the ears and lower jaw, elevated body temperature, enlargement of the neck, and tenderness of the regional lymph nodes. The course of thyroiditis may be acute, subacute, or chronic. Treatment calls for the use of antiinflammatory agents, analgesics, antibiotics, corticosteroids, thyroidin, and vitamins. Suppurative thyroiditis is treated surgically.

References in periodicals archive ?
1,3,5) Retroperitoneal fibrosis, sclerosing cholangitis, Riedel thyroiditis, and sclerosing mediastinitis are all associated with orbital pseudotumors, and they provide a basis for a unifying autoimmune or genetic cause.