Thyroiditis

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thyroiditis

[‚thī‚rȯi′dīd·əs]
(medicine)
Inflammation of the thyroid gland.
McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific & Technical Terms, 6E, Copyright © 2003 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Thyroiditis

 

inflammation of the thyroid gland caused by nonspecific infection (for example, staphylococcosis), specific infection (tuberculosis), poisoning (by lead or carbon monoxide), or autoimmune diseases. Symptoms include pain upon swallowing or moving the head backward, throbbing pain in the ears and lower jaw, elevated body temperature, enlargement of the neck, and tenderness of the regional lymph nodes. The course of thyroiditis may be acute, subacute, or chronic. Treatment calls for the use of antiinflammatory agents, analgesics, antibiotics, corticosteroids, thyroidin, and vitamins. Suppurative thyroiditis is treated surgically.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
Invasive fibrous thyroiditis (Riedel thyroiditis): The Mayo Clinic experience, 1976-2008.
(88,91-96) Many diseases such as Riedel thyroiditis (RT), Mikulicz syndrome, periaortitis, multifocal fibrosclerosis, retroperitoneal fibrosis, and idiopathic membranous glomerulonephritis, described as separate entities previously, have now been categorized as part of the IgG4-RD spectrum.
The histologic differential diagnosis includes metastases to the thyroid gland (carcinoma, sarcoma, melanoma); primary sarcoma, lymphoma, and several primary thyroid gland malignancies (including medullary thyroid gland carcinoma); and Riedel thyroiditis.