Rif

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Rif

(rĭf) or

Rif Atlas,

range of the Atlas Mts., NE Morocco, NW Africa, curving along the Mediterranean coast from Ceuta to Melilla. Tidighin (8,056 ft/2,455 m) is the highest peak. Composed of sedimentary rocks and uplifted during the Alpine orogeny, the range is a continuation of the Sierra NevadaSierra Nevada
, chief mountain range of S Spain, in Granada prov., running from east to west for c.60 mi (100 km), parallel to the Mediterranean Sea. The range's highest peak is Mulhacén (11,411 ft/3,478 m).
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 of Spain and is separated from it by the Strait of Gibraltar. Iron mining is the principal economic activity; kif (cannabis) is grown. The region is inhabited by Berbers, who generally were independent of any central authority until subdued (1925–26) by the campaign of France and Spain against Abd el-KrimAbd el-Krim
, 1882?–1963, leader of the Rif tribes of Morocco, called in full Muhammad Ibn Abd al-Karim al-Khattabi. An important figure in the administration of the Spanish Zone until 1920, he took up arms against Spanish rule.
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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Rif

 

(also Rifis), a Berber people that inhabit the Rif Mountains in northern Morocco. Population, more than 700,000 (1970 estimate). The Rifs speak a Berber language. The majority are bilingual and also speak Arabic. The Rifs are Sunni Muslims by religion. Their chief occupation is farming; wheat, corn, and other crops are grown. The Rifs waged a heroic struggle against Spanish and French colonialists for national liberation from 1921 to 1926.


Rif

 

a mountain chain in the Atlas Mountains, in northwestern Morocco. The Rif has a maximum elevation of 2,456 m. Composed chiefly of limestones, it is dissected by the canyons of numerous rivers. Maquis and forests of cork oak grow on the lower parts of the northern slopes; coniferous forests of arborvitae, juniper, and cedar occur at higher elevations. Fruit orchards grow on the southern slopes.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
Rifi is an ardent critic of Hezbollah and has previously accused mainstream Sunni parties, including the Future Movement, of being too close to the Shiite party.
Rifi is now campaigning on "putting an end to corruption" and hoping to bring down the Hariri cabinet, which includes two Hezbollah members.
It wants its right as citizens," Rifi told Reuters.
A source close to Rifi, speaking on condition of anonymity, expounded on the former minister's reasoning: His withdrawal of political cover from the council would "lighten pressure from government agencies ...
On August 14, Rifi and Australia's Grand Mufti Ibrahim Abu Mohamed were interviewed in Arabic and English to denounce the actions of ISIS militants and counter their social media campaign.
Ashraf Rifi," whose sources were reported as saying that Lebanon is not the first country to sign such an agreement with the United States.
Summary: Dozens of cars bearing the image of resigned Justice Minister Ashraf Rifi made their way from Akkar to the northern city of Tripoli Sunday.
NNA - "We would have sold ourselves cheaply had we nominated MP Michel Aoun or MP Sleiman Frangieh for presidency," said resigned Justice Minister Ashraf Rifi on Sunday during a meeting with visiting delegations at his Tripoli home.
The general director of the Lebanese Internal Security Forces (ISF), Ashraf Rifi has announced he will not participate anymore in the meetings of the Lebanese Information and Telecommunications committee to discuss a sensitive media story published last week, the leftist daily AL AKHBAR reported Thursday.
NNA - Justice Minister, Ashraf Rifi, on Thursday said that a full basket solution to the nation's political crisis was a mere attempt to cover up for the "foundation conference".
Summary: Resigned Justice Minister Ashraf Rifi filed an official request Sunday calling for the state to expel the Syrian ambassador to Lebanon.