Freedom of Association

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Freedom of Association


the right of working people to establish and to join trade unions; also, the freedom of action of the trade unions themselves. The chief meaning of freedom of association is to provide organizations of working people in the capitalist countries with the opportunity to defend the interests of workers and other exploited groups without interference by state authorities or employers’ associations.

Owing to the efforts of the USSR and the other socialist countries, as well as of workers’ organizations of all countries, freedom of association has been internationally recognized. It has been established in such UN documents as the Universal Declaration of Human Rights (1948), the Covenant on Economic, Social, and Cultural Rights, and a number of conventions of the International Labor Organization, including the Freedom of Association Convention and the Right to Organize, and the Right to Organize and Collective Bargaining Convention. These documents declare that working people have the right to establish their own organizations without preliminary approval, to elect their own representatives freely, and to formulate programs of action and create federations and confederations.

In actuality, the freedom of association of working people is often limited and violated in the capitalist countries. At the same time, the bourgeoisie attempts to use existing laws on freedom of association to strengthen the influence of employers’ associations, arguing that any guarantees won by workers’ organizations should automatically apply to employers’ associations as well. The demands of trade unions with respect to freedom of association were formulated in the Charter of the Rights of Trade Unions and Socioeconomic Demands of the Workers of the Capitalist Countries in the Current Phase, adopted at the Eighth World Congress of Trade Unions (October 1973).

References in periodicals archive ?
This leaves only two countries in Europe which have not yet formally granted the right of association to military personnel: Italy and the UK.
One potential source of protection is the right of association under the First Amendment.
While children must be guaranteed the right of association and freedom of expression, in the current climate of spiralling tension, children in Yemen have been exposed to exploitation, as well as life-threatening dangers and far too often pay a heavy price with their physical and mental wellbeing.
Former President of the Lawyers Association, Saleh Armouti, told The Star, AoThe governmentAAEs decision is rather unconstitutional itself, because the Constitution says that Jordanians have this right of association as long as they seek legal objectives; in addition to that, refusing teachersAAE demand, is a violation of the International Declaration of Human Rights.
This is actually an issue of my personal right of association and not of the constitutional restrictions on government action.
The right of association is a Constitutional civil liberty right.
Consequently, single-payer socialized systems fundamentally restrict the basic, God-given right of individuals to keep the product of their labor and also restrict the fundamental right of association by which a person can freely decide with whom to engage in contracts and exchanges, including those involved in the purchase of healthcare goods and services.
Although association is not listed as one of the rights protected by the First Amendment, the Court has repeatedly held that, because "[e]ffective advocacy of both public and private points of view, particularly controversial ones, is undeniably enhanced by group association," the First Amendment implicitly protects a right of association.
Another way to view the Supreme Court's analysis is that the constitutional right that inmates retain at least to some degree is not necessarily the right to visits from family and friends, in and of itself, but rather the more fundamental underlying First Amendment right of association.
Chicago Green activist Lionel Trepanier concluded, "The attack on the right of association of an opposition political party is chilling.
Formerly held in communal areas largely under their own control, they are fighting removal to the new isolation cells which rob them of the right of association -- the right to organize.
Generally, the right of association provisions create more of a passive obligation on franchisors: they need not take any positive action, but must simply refrain from interfering with the rights of franchisees.